The need for clean air: the way air pollution and climate change affect allergic rhinitis and asthma

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Title: The need for clean air: the way air pollution and climate change affect allergic rhinitis and asthma
Authors: Eguiluz‐Gracia, I
Mathioudakis, AG
Bartel, S
Vijverberg, SJH
Fuertes, E
Comberiati, P
Cai, YS
Tomazic, PV
Diamant, Z
Vestbo, J
Galan, C
Hoffmann, B
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Air pollution and climate change have a significant impact on human health and well‐being and contribute to the onset and aggravation of allergic rhinitis and asthma among other chronic respiratory diseases. In Westernized countries, households have experienced a process of increasing insulation and individuals tend to spend most of their time indoors. These sequelae implicate a high exposure to indoor allergens (house dust mites, pets, molds, etc.), tobacco smoke and other pollutants, which have an impact on respiratory health. Outdoor air pollution derived from traffic and other human activities not only has a direct negative effect on human health but also enhances the allergenicity of some plants and contributes to global warming. Climate change modifies the availability and distribution of plant‐ and fungal‐derived allergens and increases the frequency of extreme climate events. This review summarizes the effects of indoor air pollution, outdoor air pollution and subsequent climate change on asthma and allergic rhinitis in children and adults and addresses the policy adjustments and lifestyle changes required to mitigate their deleterious effects.
Issue Date: 9-Jan-2020
Date of Acceptance: 1-Jan-2020
DOI: 10.1111/all.14177
ISSN: 0105-4538
Publisher: Wiley
Journal / Book Title: Allergy
Copyright Statement: © 2020 EAACI and John Wiley and Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd. This is the accepted version of the following article: Eguiluz‐Gracia, I., Mathioudakis, A.G., Bartel, S., Vijverberg, S.J., Fuertes, E., Comberiati, P., Cai, Y.S., Tomazic, P.V., Diamant, Z., Vestbo, J., Galan, C. and Hoffmann, B. (2020), The need for clean air: the way air pollution and climate change affect allergic rhinitis and asthma. Allergy. Accepted Author Manuscript, which has been published in final form at
Keywords: Allergy
1107 Immunology
Publication Status: Published online
Embargo Date: 2021-01-09
Article Number: all.14177
Online Publication Date: 2020-01-09
Appears in Collections:National Heart and Lung Institute

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