Untapped potential of collective intelligence in conservation and environmental decision making

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Title: Untapped potential of collective intelligence in conservation and environmental decision making
Authors: Vercammen, A
Burgman, M
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Environmental decisions are often deferred to groups of experts, committees, or panels to develop climate policy, plan protected areas, or negotiate trade-offs for biodiversity conservation. There is, however, surprisingly little empirical research on the performance of group decision making related to the environment. We examined examples from a range of different disciplines, demonstrating the emergence of collective intelligence (CI) in the elicitation of quantitative estimates, crowdsourcing applications, and small-group problem solving. We explored the extent to which similar tools are used in environmental decision making. This revealed important gaps (e.g., a lack of integration of fundamental research in decision-making practice, absence of systematic evaluation frameworks) that obstruct mainstreaming of CI. By making judicious use of interdisciplinary learning opportunities, CI can be harnessed effectively to improve decision making in conservation and environmental management. To elicit reliable quantitative estimates an understanding of cognitive psychology and to optimize crowdsourcing artificial intelligence tools may need to be incorporated. The business literature offers insights into the importance of soft skills and diversity in team effectiveness. Environmental problems set a challenging and rich testing ground for collective-intelligence tools and frameworks. We argue this creates an opportunity for significant advancement in decision-making research and practice.
Issue Date: 21-Apr-2019
Date of Acceptance: 1-Mar-2019
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/72176
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13335
ISSN: 0888-8892
Publisher: Wiley
Journal / Book Title: Conservation Biology
Copyright Statement: © 2019 Society for Conservation Biology. . This is the peer reviewed version of the following article, which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cobi.13335. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Sponsor/Funder: Office of the Director of National Intelligence (US Agency)
Funder's Grant Number: TBC
Keywords: ciencia de las decisiones
colaboración masiva
conocimiento grupal
conservation psychology
crowdsourcing
decision science
equipos
group cognition
inteligencia en enjambre
psicología de la conservación
swarm intelligence
teams
众包
保护心理学
决策科学
团队
群体智慧
群体认知
ciencia de las decisiones
colaboración masiva
conocimiento grupal
conservation psychology
crowdsourcing
decision science
equipos
group cognition
inteligencia en enjambre
psicología de la conservación
swarm intelligence
teams
众包
保护心理学
决策科学
团队
群体智慧
群体认知
05 Environmental Sciences
06 Biological Sciences
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Ecology
Publication Status: Published online
Conference Place: United States
Embargo Date: 2020-04-21
Online Publication Date: 2019-04-21
Appears in Collections:Centre for Environmental Policy



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