Reconciling the contribution of environmental and stochastic structuring of tropical forest diversity through the lens of imaging spectroscopy

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Title: Reconciling the contribution of environmental and stochastic structuring of tropical forest diversity through the lens of imaging spectroscopy
Authors: Bongalov, B
Burslem, DFRP
Jucker, T
Thompson, SED
Rosindell, J
Swinfield, T
Nilus, R
Clewley, D
Philips, OL
Coomes, DA
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Both niche and stochastic dispersal processes structure the extraordinary diversity of tropical plants, but determining their relative contributions has proven challenging. We address this question by using airborne imaging spectroscopy to estimate canopy β-diversity for an extensive region of a Bornean rainforest and challenge these data with models incorporating niches and dispersal. We show that remotely-sensed and field-derived estimates of pairwise dissimilarity in community composition are closely matched, proving the applicability of imaging spectroscopy to provide β-diversity data for entire landscapes of over 1000 ha containing contrasting forest types. Our model reproduces the empirical data well and shows that the ecological processes maintaining tropical forest diversity are scale dependent. Patterns of β-diversity are shaped by stochastic dispersal processes acting locally whilst environmental processes act over a wider range of scales.
Issue Date: 26-Jul-2019
Date of Acceptance: 1-Jul-2019
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/71769
ISSN: 1461-023X
Publisher: Wiley
Journal / Book Title: Ecology Letters
Sponsor/Funder: Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Funder's Grant Number: NE/I021179/1
NE/L011611/1
Keywords: Ecology
0501 Ecological Applications
0602 Ecology
Publication Status: Accepted
Embargo Date: 2020-07-26
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Natural Sciences



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