Area and edge effects are mediated by adjacent land use in fragmented tropical forest

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Title: Area and edge effects are mediated by adjacent land use in fragmented tropical forest
Authors: Hatfield, J
Barlow, J
Joly, CA
Lees, AC
Parruco, CF
Tobias, J
Orme, C
Banks-Leite, C
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation have pervasive detrimental effects on tropical forest biodiversity, but the role of the surrounding land use (i.e. matrix) in determining the severity of these impacts remains poorly understood. We surveyed bird species across an interior-edge-matrix gradient to assess the effects of matrix type on biodiversity at 49 different sites with varying levels of landscape fragmentation in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest – a highly threatened biodiversity hotspot. Our findings revealed that both area and edge effects are more pronounced in forest patches bordering pasture matrix, while patches bordering Eucalyptus plantation maintained compositionally similar bird communities between the edge and the interior, in addition to exhibiting reduced effects of patch size. These results suggest that the type of matrix in which forest fragments are situated can explain a substantial amount of the widely-reported variability in biodiversity responses to forest loss and fragmentation.
Issue Date: 16-Jul-2019
Date of Acceptance: 9-Jul-2019
ISSN: 0888-8892
Publisher: Wiley
Journal / Book Title: Conservation Biology
Copyright Statement: This paper is embargoed until 12 months after publication.
Sponsor/Funder: Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Funder's Grant Number: NE/K016393/1
Keywords: 05 Environmental Sciences
06 Biological Sciences
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Publication Status: Accepted
Embargo Date: 2020-07-16
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Natural Sciences

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