On the link between experimentally‐measured turbulence quantities and polymer‐induced drag reduction in pipe flows

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Title: On the link between experimentally‐measured turbulence quantities and polymer‐induced drag reduction in pipe flows
Authors: Voulgaropoulos, V
Zadrazil, I
Le Brun, N
Bismarck, A
Markides, CN
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: In this study, we investigate the hydrodynamics of polymer‐induced drag reduction in horizontal turbulent pipe flows. We provide spatiotemporally resolved information of velocity and its gradients obtained with particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements in solutions of water with dissolved polyethylene oxide (PEO) of three different molecular weights, at various dilute concentrations and with flow Reynolds numbers from 35, 000 to 210, 000. We find that the local magnitudes of important turbulent flow variables correlate with the measured levels of drag reduction irrespective of the flow Reynolds number, polymer weight and concentration. Contour maps illustrate the spatial characteristics of this correlation. A relationship between the drag reduction and the turbulent flow variables is found. The effects of the polymer molecular weight, its concentration and the Reynolds number on the flow are further examined through joint probability distributions of the fluctuations of the streamwise and spanwise velocity components.
Issue Date: 16-May-2019
Date of Acceptance: 11-May-2019
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/70287
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.16662
ISSN: 0001-1541
Publisher: Wiley
Journal / Book Title: AIChE Journal
Copyright Statement: © 2019 American Institute of Chemical Engineers. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Chemical Engineering
0904 Chemical Engineering
0914 Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy
Publication Status: Published online
Embargo Date: 2020-05-16
Article Number: e16662
Online Publication Date: 2019-05-16
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering



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