Shale, quakes, and high stakes: regulating fracking-induced deismicity in Oklahoma, USA and Lancashire, UK

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Title: Shale, quakes, and high stakes: regulating fracking-induced deismicity in Oklahoma, USA and Lancashire, UK
Authors: Aczel, M
Makuch, K
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: High-volume hydraulic fracturing combined with horizontal drilling has “revolutionized” the United States’ oil and gas industry by allowing extraction of previously inaccessible oil and gas trapped in shale rock [1]. Although the United States has extracted shale gas in different states for several decades, the United Kingdom is in the early stages of developing its domestic shale gas resources, in the hopes of replicating the United States’ commercial success with the technologies [2, 3]. However, the extraction of shale gas using hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling poses potential risks to the environment and natural resources, human health, and communities and local livelihoods. Risks include contamination of water resources, air pollution, and induced seismic activity near shale gas operation sites. This paper examines the regulation of potential induced seismic activity in Oklahoma, USA, and Lancashire, UK, and concludes with recommendations for strengthening these protections.
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2019
Date of Acceptance: 1-Apr-2019
DOI: 10.1525/cse.2018.001719
ISSN: 2473-9510
Publisher: University of California
Start Page: 1
End Page: 14
Journal / Book Title: Case Studies in the Environment
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Copyright Statement: © 2019 by the Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. Copying and permissions notice: Authorization to copy this content beyond fair use (as specified in Sections 107 and 108 of the U. S. Copyright Law) for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted by [the Regents of the University of California/on behalf of the Sponsoring Society] for libraries and other users, provided that they are registered with and pay the specified fee via Rightslink® or directly with the Copyright Clearance Center.
Sponsor/Funder: Imperial College London President's Scholarship
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2019-05-21
Appears in Collections:Centre for Environmental Policy
Faculty of Natural Sciences
Grantham Institute for Climate Change

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