Chitin nanopaper from mushroom extract: natural composite of nanofibers and glucan from a single biobased source

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Title: Chitin nanopaper from mushroom extract: natural composite of nanofibers and glucan from a single biobased source
Authors: Fazli Wan Nawawi, WM
Lee, KY
Kontturi, E
Murphy, RJ
Bismarck, A
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: An isolation method with mild mechanical agitation and no acidic extraction step from a mushroom substrate resulted in chitin nanofibers (ChNFs) with large shares of retained glucans (50-65%). The subsequent chitin nanopapers exhibited exceptionally high tensile strengths of >200 MPa and moduli of ca. 7 GPa, which were largely attributed to the preserved glucans in the mixture, imparting a composite nature to the nanopapers. The isolation method for ChNFs is notably different from the conventional process with crustacean chitin sources that do not incorporate glucans and where an acidic extraction step for the removal of minerals must always be included.
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2019
Date of Acceptance: 1-Mar-2019
ISSN: 2168-0485
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Start Page: 6492
End Page: 6496
Journal / Book Title: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Volume: 7
Issue: 7
Copyright Statement: © 2019 American Chemical Society. This is an open access article published under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY)License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium,provided the author and source are cited.
Keywords: Science & Technology
Physical Sciences
Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
Green & Sustainable Science & Technology
Engineering, Chemical
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Alternative biomass
Chitin nanofibers
Mechanical properties
Mild extraction
Nonwoven networks
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2019-03-06
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Natural Sciences

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