Learning to cope with water variability through participatory monitoring: the case study of the Mountainous region, Nepal

Title: Learning to cope with water variability through participatory monitoring: the case study of the Mountainous region, Nepal
Authors: Regmi, S
Bhusal, J
Gurung, P
Zulkafli, Z
Karpouzoglou, T
Ochoa Tocachi, B
Buytaert, W
Mao, F
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Participatory monitoring allows communities to understand the use and management of local water resources and at the same time develop a sense of ownership of environmental information. The data generated through participatory monitoring of stream flow and rainfall generate evidences to corroborate local people's experiences with changing water resources patterns. In this study we evaluate the potential of participatory monitoring of hydrological variables to improve scarce water supply utilization in agriculture. The case study site is the Mustang district in Nepal, which is located in the upper Kaligandaki river basin in the Himalayas with unique and complex geographical and climatic features. This region is characterized by a semi-arid climate with total annual precipitation of less than 300 mm. Water supply, agricultural land, and livestock grazing are the key ecosystem services that underpin livelihood security of the local population, particularly socio-economically vulnerable groups. An analysis of the measured stream flow data indicate that annual flow of water in the stream can meet the current crop irrigation water needs for the agricultural land of the research site. The data provide local farmers a new way of understanding local water needs. Participatory monitoring would contribute to an optimization of the use of ecosystem services to support economic development and livelihood improvement.
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2019
Date of Acceptance: 28-Mar-2019
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/69846
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.26491/mhwm/106021
ISSN: 2299-3835
Publisher: Institute of Meteorology and Water Management - National Research Institute
Journal / Book Title: Meteorology Hydrology and Water Management
Sponsor/Funder: Imperial College London
Natural Environment Research Council [2006-2012]
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Funder's Grant Number: President's PhD Scholarship
NE/L002515/1
NE/K010239/1
Publication Status: Published online
Open Access location: http://www.mhwm.pl/Learning-to-cope-with-water-variability-through-participatory-monitoring-The-case,106021,0,2.html
Online Publication Date: 2019-04-11
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Centre for Environmental Policy
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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