Calibration concordance for astronomical instruments via multiplicative shrinkage

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Title: Calibration concordance for astronomical instruments via multiplicative shrinkage
Authors: Chen, Y
Meng, X-L
Wang, X
Dyk, DAV
Marshall, HL
Kashyap, VL
Item Type: Working Paper
Abstract: Calibration data are often obtained by observing several well-understood objects simultaneously with multiple instruments, such as satellites for measuring astronomical sources. Analyzing such data and obtaining proper concordance among the instruments is challenging when the physical source models are not well understood, when there are uncertainties in "known" physical quantities, or when data quality varies in ways that cannot be fully quantified. Furthermore, the number of model parameters increases with both the number of instruments and the number of sources. Thus, concordance of the instruments requires careful modeling of the mean signals, the intrinsic source differences, and measurement errors. In this paper, we propose a log-Normal hierarchical model and a more general log-t model that respect the multiplicative nature of the mean signals via a half-variance adjustment, yet permit imperfections in the mean modeling to be absorbed by residual variances. We present analytical solutions in the form of power shrinkage in special cases and develop reliable MCMC algorithms for general cases. We apply our method to several data sets obtained with a variety of X-ray telescopes such as Chandra. We demonstrate that our method provides helpful and practical guidance for astrophysicists when adjusting for disagreements among instruments.
Issue Date: 26-Sep-2018
Publisher: arXiv
Copyright Statement: © 2018 The Author(s).
Keywords: stat.AP
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Mathematics
Faculty of Natural Sciences

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