The role of CO2 capture and utilization in mitigating climate change

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Title: The role of CO2 capture and utilization in mitigating climate change
Authors: Mac Dowell, N
Fennell, PS
Shah, N
Maitland, GC
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: To offset the cost associated with CO2 capture and storage (CCS), there is growing interest in finding commercially viable end-use opportunities for the captured CO2. In this Perspective, we discuss the potential contribution of carbon capture and utilization (CCU). Owing to the scale and rate of CO2 production compared to that of utilization allowing long-term sequestration, it is highly improbable the chemical conversion of CO2 will account for more than 1% of the mitigation challenge, and even a scaled-up enhanced oil recovery (EOR)-CCS industry will likely only account for 4–8%. Therefore, whilst CO2-EOR may be an important economic incentive for some early CCS projects, CCU may prove to be a costly distraction, financially and politically, from the real task of mitigation.
Issue Date: 5-Apr-2017
Date of Acceptance: 8-Feb-2017
ISSN: 1758-678X
Start Page: 243
End Page: 249
Journal / Book Title: Nature Climate Change
Volume: 7
Issue: 4
Copyright Statement: © 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Physical Sciences
Environmental Sciences
Environmental Studies
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Centre for Environmental Policy
Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Natural Sciences

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