Temporally explicit and spatially resolved global offshore wind energy potentials

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Title: Temporally explicit and spatially resolved global offshore wind energy potentials
Authors: Bosch, J
Staffell, I
Hawkes, A
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Several influential energy systems models (ESMs) indicate that renewable energy must supply a large share of the world's electricity to limit global temperature increases to 1.5 °C. To better represent the costs and other implications of such a transition, it is important that ESMs can realistically characterise the technical and economic potential of renewable energy resources. This paper presents a Geospatial Information System methodology for estimating the global offshore wind energy potential, i.e. the terawatt hour per year (TWh/yr) production potential of wind farms, assuming capacity could be built across the viable offshore area of each country. A bottom-up approach characterises the capacity factors of offshore wind farms by estimating the available wind power from high resolution global wind speed data sets. Temporal phenomena are retained by binning hourly wind speeds into 32 time slices per year considering the wind resource across several decades. For 157 countries with a viable offshore wind potential, electricity generation potential is produced in tranches according to the distance to grid connection, water depth and average annual capacity factor. These data can be used as inputs to ESMs and to assess the economically viable offshore wind energy potential, on a global or per-country basis.
Issue Date: 15-Nov-2018
Date of Acceptance: 20-Aug-2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/62806
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.153
ISSN: 0360-5442
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 766
End Page: 781
Journal / Book Title: Energy
Volume: 163
Copyright Statement: © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Funder's Grant Number: EP/N005996/1
EP/N005996/1
NE/N018656/1
Keywords: 0913 Mechanical Engineering
0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering
Energy
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2018-08-23
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Centre for Environmental Policy
Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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