Charged carbon nanomaterials: the redox chemistries of fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and graphenes

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Title: Charged carbon nanomaterials: the redox chemistries of fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and graphenes
Authors: Shaffer, MSP
Clancy, A
Skipper, N
Howard, C
Bayazit, MK
Hodge, S
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Since the discovery of buckminsterfullerene over 30 years ago, sp2-hybridised carbon nanomaterials (including fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and graphene) have stimulated new science and technology across a huge range of fields. Despite the impressive intrinsic properties, challenges in processing and chemical modification continue to hinder applications. Charged carbon nanomaterials (CCNs), formed via the reduction or oxidation of these carbon nanomaterials, facilitate dissolution, purification, separation, chemical modification, and assembly. This approach provides a compelling alternative to traditional damaging and restrictive liquid phase exfoliation routes. The broad chemistry of CCNs not only provides a versatile and potent means to modify the properties of the parent nanomaterial but also raises interesting scientific issues. This review focuses on the fundamental structural forms: buckminsterfullerene, single-walled carbon nanotubes, and single-layer graphene, describing the generation of their respective charged nanocarbon species, their interactions with solvents, chemical reactivity, specific (opto)electronic properties, and emerging applications.
Issue Date: 22-Aug-2018
Date of Acceptance: 10-Jul-2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/62128
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.8b00128
ISSN: 1520-6890
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Start Page: 7363
End Page: 7408
Journal / Book Title: Chemical Reviews
Volume: 118
Issue: 16
Copyright Statement: © 2018 American Chemical Society. This is an open access article published under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the author and source are cited.
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (E
Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Funder's Grant Number: AERO/RB1527
EP/K016792/1
EP/K01658X/1
Keywords: 03 Chemical Sciences
General Chemistry
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2018-08-15
Appears in Collections:Chemistry
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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