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The space density of luminous dusty star-forming galaxies at z>4: scuba-2 and laboca imaging of ultrared galaxies from herschel-atlas.

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Title: The space density of luminous dusty star-forming galaxies at z>4: scuba-2 and laboca imaging of ultrared galaxies from herschel-atlas.
Authors: Ivison, RJ
Lewis, AJR
Weiss, A
Arumugam, V
Simpson, JM
Holland, WS
Maddox, S
Dunne, L
Valiante, E
Van der Werf, P
Omont, A
Dannerbauer, H
Smail, I
Bertoldi, F
Bremer, M
Bussmann, RS
Cai, Z-Y
Clements, DL
Cooray, A
De Zotti, G
Eales, SA
Fuller, C
Gonzalez-Nuevo, J
Ibar, E
Negrello, M
Oteo, I
Perez-Fournon, I
Riechers, D
Stevens, JA
Swinbank, AM
Wardlow, J
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Until recently, only a handful of dusty, star-forming galaxies (DSFGs) were known at z > 4, most of them significantly amplified by gravitational lensing. Here, we have increased the number of such DSFGs substantially, selecting galaxies from the uniquely wide 250, 350, and 500 μm Herschel-ATLAS imaging survey on the basis of their extremely red far-infrared colors and faint 350 and 500 μm flux densities, based on which, they are expected to be largely unlensed, luminous, rare, and very distant. The addition of ground-based continuum photometry at longer wavelengths from the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope and the Atacama Pathfinder Experiment allows us to identify the dust peak in their spectral energy distributions (SEDs), with which we can better constrain their redshifts. We select the SED templates that are best able to determine photometric redshifts using a sample of 69 high-redshift, lensed DSFGs, then perform checks to assess the impact of the CMB on our technique, and to quantify the systematic uncertainty associated with our photometric redshifts, σ = 0.14 (1 + z), using a sample of 25 galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts, each consistent with our color selection. For Herschel-selected ultrared galaxies with typical colors of S 500/S 250 ~ 2.2 and S 500/S 350 ~ 1.3 and flux densities, S 500 ~ 50 mJy, we determine a median redshift, ${\hat{z}}_{\mathrm{phot}}=3.66$, an interquartile redshift range, 3.30–4.27, with a median rest-frame 8–1000 μm luminosity, ${\hat{L}}_{\mathrm{IR}}$, of 1.3 × 1013 L ⊙. A third of the galaxies lie at z > 4, suggesting a space density, ρ z > 4, of ≈6 × 10−7 Mpc−3. Our sample contains the most luminous known star-forming galaxies, and the most overdense cluster of starbursting proto-ellipticals found to date.
Issue Date: 18-Nov-2016
Date of Acceptance: 16-Sep-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/61942
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/832/1/78
ISSN: 0004-637X
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
Journal / Book Title: Astrophysical Journal
Volume: 832
Issue: 1
Copyright Statement: © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Science & Technology
Physical Sciences
Astronomy & Astrophysics
galaxies: high-redshift
galaxies: starburst
infrared: galaxies
submillimeter: galaxies
DEEP-FIELD-SOUTH
LENSED SUBMILLIMETER GALAXIES
MASSIVE QUIESCENT GALAXIES
CLERK MAXWELL TELESCOPE
HIGH-REDSHIFT GALAXIES
BOLOMETER CAMERA
NUMBER COUNTS
ALMA SURVEY
MOLECULAR GAS
SPT SURVEY
0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences
0305 Organic Chemistry
0306 Physical Chemistry (Incl. Structural)
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: ARTN 78
Appears in Collections:Physics
Astrophysics



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