Optimization of terminal airspace operation with environmental considerations

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Title: Optimization of terminal airspace operation with environmental considerations
Authors: Tian, Y
Wan, L
Han, K
Ye, B
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: The rapid growth in air traffic has resulted in increased emission and noise levels in terminal areas, which brings negative environmental impact to surrounding areas. This study aims to optimize terminal area operations by taking into account environmental constraints pertaining to emission and noise. A multi-objective terminal area resource allocation problem is formulated by employing the arrival fix allocation (AFA) problem, while minimizing aircraft holding time, emission, and noise. The NSGA-II algorithm is employed to find the optimal assignment of terminal fixes with given demand input and environmental considerations, by incorporating the continuous descent approach (CDA). A case study of the Shanghai terminal area yields the following results: (1) Compared with existing arrival fix locations and the first-come-first-serve (FCFS) strategy, the AFA reduces emissions by 19.6%, and the areas impacted by noise by 16.4%. AFA and CDA combined reduce the emissions by 28% and noise by 38.1%; (2) Flight delays caused by the imbalance of demand and supply can be reduced by 72% (AFA) and 81% (AFA and CDA) respectively, compared with the FCFS strategy. The study demonstrates the feasibility of the proposed optimization framework to reduce the environmental impact in terminal areas while improving the operational efficiency, as well as its potential to underpin sustainable air traffic management.
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2018
Date of Acceptance: 1-Aug-2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/61880
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2018.06.018
ISSN: 1361-9209
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 872
End Page: 889
Journal / Book Title: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
Volume: 63
Copyright Statement: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Keywords: 1205 Urban And Regional Planning
1507 Transportation And Freight Services
0502 Environmental Science And Management
Logistics & Transportation
Publication Status: Published
Embargo Date: 2019-08-01
Online Publication Date: 2018-08-01
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Civil and Environmental Engineering

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