Nonlinear damped wave equations for the sub-Laplacian on the Heisenberg group and for Rockland operators on graded Lie groups

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Title: Nonlinear damped wave equations for the sub-Laplacian on the Heisenberg group and for Rockland operators on graded Lie groups
Authors: Ruzhansky, M
Tokmagambetov, N
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: In this paper we study the Cauchy problem for the semilinear damped wave equation for the sub-Laplacian on the Heisenberg group. In the case of the positive mass, we show the global in time well-posedness for small data for power like nonlinearities. We also obtain similar well-posedness results for the wave equations for Rockland operators on general graded Lie groups. In particular, this includes higher order operators on and on the Heisenberg group, such as powers of the Laplacian or the sub-Laplacian. In addition, we establish a new family of Gagliardo-Nirenberg inequalities on graded Lie groups that play a crucial role in the proof but which are also of interest on their own: if $G$ is a graded Lie group of homogeneous dimension $Q$ and $a>0$, $1<r<\frac{Q}{a},$ and $1\leq p\leq q\leq \frac{rQ}{Q-ar},$ then we have the following Gagliardo-Nirenberg type inequality $$\|u\|_{L^{q}(G)}\lesssim \|u\|_{\dot{L}_{a}^{r}(G)}^{s} \|u\|_{L^{p}(G)}^{1-s}$$ for $s=\left(\frac1p-\frac1q\right) \left(\frac{a}Q+\frac1p-\frac1r\right)^{-1}\in [0,1]$ provided that $\frac{a}Q+\frac1p-\frac1r\not=0$, where $\dot{L}_{a}^{r}$ is the homogeneous Sobolev space of order $a$ over $L^r$. If $\frac{a}Q+\frac1p-\frac1r=0$, we have $p=q=\frac{rQ}{Q-ar}$, and then the above inequality holds for any $0\leqs\leq 1$.
Issue Date: 3-Jul-2018
Date of Acceptance: 26-Jun-2018
ISSN: 0022-0396
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Differential Equations
Copyright Statement: © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC-BY license (
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
The Leverhulme Trust
The Leverhulme Trust
Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Funder's Grant Number: EP/K039407/1
Keywords: math.AP
35L71, 35L75, 35R03, 22E25
0101 Pure Mathematics
0102 Applied Mathematics
General Mathematics
Notes: 21 pages
Publication Status: Published online
Online Publication Date: 2018-07-03
Appears in Collections:Pure Mathematics
Faculty of Natural Sciences

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