Joint inversion of seismic PP- and PS-waves in the ray parameter domain

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Title: Joint inversion of seismic PP- and PS-waves in the ray parameter domain
Authors: Zhang, Feng
Item Type: Thesis or dissertation
Abstract: Seismic inversion is a quantitative analysis technique in reservoir geophysics to reveal subsurface physical properties from surface-recorded seismic data. But the most widely used inversion in oil and gas exploration for decades is PP-wave based. P-to-S converted wave, which has shown great success in the imaging of gas clouds, has a different response to rocks and pore-fluids from the PP-wave. A joint use of the PS-wave and PP-wave in the inversion can reduce the ill-posedness of the inverse problem and in particular enables simultaneous inversion for three independent elastic parameters. Conventionally, prestack seismic inversion is based on the incidence angle-dependent reflection coefficients. In my research, I define the seismic reflections and impedances along the ray paths of wave propagation, and these ray paths obey Snell’s law. I adopt the ray-impedance concept, which is a frequency-dependent parameter and is sensitive to fluid contents. Joined interpretation of PP- and PS-wave ray impedances can identify reservoirs, and also has potential in fluid discrimination. Joint inversion of PP- and PS-waves is performed on the constant ray parameter (CRP) profiles. For a constant ray parameter, a pair of PP- and PS-wave traces has exactly the same ray path between the source and the reflection point, which means the PP- and PS-wave reflection events represent exactly the same reflection point, in the horizontal direction. Therefore, PP and PS-wave calibration transforms PS-wave reflection events from PS-wave time to the corresponding PP-wave time, and reflections events in a pair of PP- and calibrated PS-wave traces with a constant ray parameter should correspond to each other, sample by sample, both horizontally and vertically. I also present a procedure which preserves the original wavelets in the transformed PS-wave trace. I use a bending ray-tracing method to construct the common image point (CIP) gathers in the ray-parameter domain. I estimate mixed-phase wavelets for each constant ray-parameter (CRP) profile through a frequency domain high-order statistical method, and then invert for the reflectivity series using weighted constraints. From the reflectivity sections, I estimate PP- and PS-wave ray impedances separately and also estimate three elastic parameters simultaneously in a joint inversion. I have applied the entire procedure to a couple of field data sets, to verify the robustness and effectiveness of the method, and to demonstrate the great potential of joint inversion in ray-parameter domain.
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Date Awarded: Dec-2010
Supervisor: Wang, Yanghua
Warner, Mike
Sponsor/Funder: The sponsors of the Centre for Reservoir Geophysics, NERC university collaboration scheme
Author: Zhang, Feng
Department: Earth Science and Engineering - Centre for Reservoir Geophysics
Publisher: Imperial College London
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Qualification Name: Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Appears in Collections:Earth Science and Engineering PhD theses

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