Three‐dimensional turbulence‐resolving simulations of the plunge phenomenon in a tilted channel

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Title: Three‐dimensional turbulence‐resolving simulations of the plunge phenomenon in a tilted channel
Author(s): Schuch, FN
Pinto, LC
Silvestrini, JH
Laizet, S
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Hyperpycnal flows are produced when the density of a fluid flowing in a relatively quiescent basin is greater than the density of the fluid in the basin. The density differences can be due to the difference in temperatures, salinity, turbidity, concentration, or a combination of them. When the inflow momentum diminishes, the inflowing fluid eventually plunges under the basin fluid and flows along the bottom floor as an underflow density current. In the present work, 3‐D turbulence‐resolving simulations are performed for an hyperpycnal flow evolving at the bottom floor of a tilted channel. Using advanced numerical techniques designed for supercomputers, the incompressible Navier‐Stokes and transport equations are solved to reproduce numerically the experiments of Lamb et al. (2010, obtained inside a flume with a long tilted ramp. This study focuses on presenting and validating a new numerical framework for the correct reproduction and analysis of the plunge phenomenon and its associated flow features. A very good agreement is found between the experimental data of Lamb et al. (2010), the analytical models of Parker and Toniolo (2007,, and the present turbulence‐resolving simulations. The mixing process between the ambient fluid and the underflow density current is also analyzed thanks to visualizations of vortical structures at the interface.
Publication Date: 1-Jan-2018
Date of Acceptance: 5-Jun-2018
ISSN: 2169-9275
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Copyright Statement: ©2018. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article, which has been published in final form at
Publication Status: Published online
Online Publication Date: 2018-06-12
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering

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