Precambrian plate tectonics in Northern Hudson Bay: evidence from P and S-wave seismic tomography and analysis of source side effects in relative arrival-time datasets

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Title: Precambrian plate tectonics in Northern Hudson Bay: evidence from P and S-wave seismic tomography and analysis of source side effects in relative arrival-time datasets
Authors: Liddell, M
Bastow, ID
Rawlinson, N
Darbyshire, F
Gilligan, A
Watson, E
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: The geology of northern Hudson Bay, Canada, documents more than 2 billion years of history including the assembly of Precambrian and Archean terranes during several Paleoproterozoic orogenies, culminating in the Trans‐Hudson Orogen (THO) ∼1.8 Ga. The THO has been hypothesized to be similar in scale and nature to the ongoing Himalaya‐Karakoram‐Tibetan orogen, but the nature of lithospheric terrane boundaries, including potential plate‐scale underthrusting, is poorly understood. To address this problem, we present new P and S wave tomographic models of the mantle seismic structure using data from recent seismograph networks stretching from northern Ontario to Nunavut (60–100∘W and 50–80∘N). The large size of our network requires careful mitigation of the influence of source side structure that contaminates our relative arrival time residuals. Our tomographic models reveal a complicated internal structure in the Archean Churchill plate. However, no seismic wave speed distinction is observed across the Snowbird Tectonic Zone, which bisects the Churchill. The mantle lithosphere in the central region of Hudson Bay is distinct from the THO, indicating potential boundaries of microcontinents and lithospheric blocks between the principal colliders. Slow wave speeds underlie southern Baffin Island, the leading edge of the generally high wave speed Churchill plate. This is interpreted to be Paleoproterozoic material underthrust beneath Baffin Island in a modern‐style subduction zone setting.
Issue Date: Jul-2018
Date of Acceptance: 2-Jun-2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/60934
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JB015473
ISSN: 2169-9356
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Start Page: 5690
End Page: 5709
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth
Volume: 123
Issue: 7
Copyright Statement: ©2018. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Sponsor/Funder: The Leverhulme Trust
Funder's Grant Number: RPG-2013-332
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2018-06-09
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Earth Science and Engineering



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