Life cycle assessments for biomass derived sustainable biopolymer & energy co-generation

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Title: Life cycle assessments for biomass derived sustainable biopolymer & energy co-generation
Authors: Zhang, D
Del Rio-Chanona, EA
Shah, N
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Sustainable polymers derived from biomass have been considered as promising candidates to reduce the dependency on fossil based polymers. In this study, a conceptual process design was conducted for citrus waste derived biopolymer production with energy co-generation, and its eco-friendliness was evaluated through life cycle assessment by comparison against a petroleum derived polymer production process. Based on the current research, two original conclusions were proposed. The first one is that energy-efficient separation techniques are of critical importance for the design of eco-friendly chemical processes. Only focusing on the use of sustainable feedstocks with high conversion reactions cannot guarantee an environmentally-friendly final product. The second one is that biomass should be considered not only as a raw material, but more importantly, as an energy source for the sustainable synthesis of biochemicals. In other words, a sustainable process should be designed such that a portion of biomass is used to provide clean energy for process operation, with the rest converted for product generation.
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2018
Date of Acceptance: 16-May-2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/60802
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spc.2018.05.002
ISSN: 2352-5509
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 109
End Page: 118
Journal / Book Title: Sustainable Production and Consumption
Volume: 15
Copyright Statement: © 2018 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (E
Funder's Grant Number: EP/L017393/1
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2018-05-22
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Centre for Environmental Policy
Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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