Working across time zones: Exporters and the gender wage gap

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Title: Working across time zones: Exporters and the gender wage gap
Author(s): Boler, EA
Javorcik, B
Ulltveit-Moe, KH
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: This study argues that there is a systematic difference in the gender wage gap (GWG) between exporting firms and non-exporters. Exporters may require greater commitment from their employees, such as working particular hours to communicate with partners in different time zones or travelling at short notice, and may therefore disproportionately reward employee flexibility. If women are less flexible, or perceived as such, exporters will exhibit a higher GWG than non-exporters. This hypothesis is examined using matched employer-employee data from the Norwegian manufacturing sector for 1996–2010. The results suggest a firm's entry into exporting increases the GWG by about 3 percentage points for college educated workers. A lower overlap in business hours between the Norwegian exporter and its foreign markets and a greater need for interactions with foreign buyers are associated with a higher GWG.
Publication Date: 1-Mar-2018
Date of Acceptance: 27-Dec-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/60394
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinteco.2017.12.008
ISSN: 0022-1996
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Start Page: 122
End Page: 133
Journal / Book Title: JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS
Volume: 111
Copyright Statement: © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Keywords: Social Sciences
Economics
Business & Economics
Exporters
Globalization
Gender wage gap
EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE DATA
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
PAY
GLOBALIZATION
FIRMS
REFORM
IMPACT
WOMEN
LABOR
Social Sciences
Economics
Business & Economics
Exporters
Globalization
Gender wage gap
EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE DATA
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
PAY
GLOBALIZATION
FIRMS
REFORM
IMPACT
WOMEN
LABOR
14 Economics
Economics
Publication Status: Published
Embargo Date: 2019-07-10
Online Publication Date: 2018-01-10
Appears in Collections:Imperial College Business School



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