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Mapping local variation in educational attainment across Africa

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Title: Mapping local variation in educational attainment across Africa
Authors: Graetz, N
Friedman, J
Osgood-Zimmerman, A
Burstein, R
Biehl, MH
Shields, C
Mosser, JF
Casey, DC
Deshpande, A
Earl, L
Reiner, RC
Ray, SE
Fullman, N
Levine, AJ
Stubbs, RW
Mayala, BK
Longbottom, J
Browne, AJ
Bhatt, S
Weiss, DJ
Gething, PW
Mokdad, AH
Lim, SS
Murray, CJL
Gakidou, E
Hay, SI
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Educational attainment for women of reproductive age is linked to reduced child and maternal mortality, lower fertility and improved reproductive health. Comparable analyses of attainment exist only at the national level, potentially obscuring patterns in subnational inequality. Evidence suggests that wide disparities between urban and rural populations exist, raising questions about where the majority of progress towards the education targets of the Sustainable Development Goals is occurring in African countries. Here we explore within-country inequalities by predicting years of schooling across five by five kilometre grids, generating estimates of average educational attainment by age and sex at subnational levels. Despite marked progress in attainment from 2000 to 2015 across Africa, substantial differences persist between locations and sexes. These differences have widened in many countries, particularly across the Sahel. These high-resolution, comparable estimates improve the ability of decision-makers to plan the precisely targeted interventions that will be necessary to deliver progress during the era of the Sustainable Development Goals.
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2018
Date of Acceptance: 17-Jan-2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/60382
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature25761
ISSN: 0028-0836
Publisher: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Start Page: 48
End Page: 53
Journal / Book Title: NATURE
Volume: 555
Copyright Statement: © 2018 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons licence, users will need to obtain permission from the licence holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Science & Technology
Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
MATERNAL EDUCATION
CHILD-MORTALITY
PLASMODIUM-FALCIPARUM
ECONOMIC-DEVELOPMENT
SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS
GENDER INEQUALITY
HEALTH
COUNTRIES
GROWTH
MD Multidisciplinary
General Science & Technology
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2018-03-01
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine
Epidemiology, Public Health and Primary Care



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