Altmetric

Life cycle assessments of bio-based sustainable polylimonene carbonate production processes

File Description SizeFormat 
PLC LCA Article.docxAccepted version544.73 kBMicrosoft WordView/Open
Title: Life cycle assessments of bio-based sustainable polylimonene carbonate production processes
Authors: Zhang, D
Del Rio-Chanona, EA
Wagner, JL
Shah, N
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Biomass is a promising feedstock for the production of sustainable biopolymers, which could offer a significant reduction of the adverse environmental impacts associated with conventional petroleum-based polymers. To further evaluate their potential, this study investigated the environmental impacts associated with the production of the newly proposed biopolymer polylimonene carbonate. Different feedstocks (citrus waste and microalgae) were selected and a conceptual process design from limonene oxidation to polymer synthesis was completed. Using life cycle assessment, the potential for energy integration and the contributions of individual process sections on the overall process environmental impacts were thoroughly analysed. The results showed, that sustainable polylimonene carbonate synthesis was limited by the use of tert-butyl hydroperoxide as the limonene oxidation agent and consequently, a more environmentally-friendly and energy-efficient limonene oxidation method should be developed. Based on the economic analysis, the polymer cost was estimated to range from $1.36 to $1.51 kg −1 , comparable to the costs of petrol-based polystyrene ($1.2 to $1.6 kg −1 ). Moreover, this study found that both feedstock selection and the biowaste treatment method have significant effects on the process environmental impacts, and a carbon negative process was achieved when applying the waste biomass for electricity generation. Therefore, it was concluded that future process designs should combine polymer production with the co-generation of energy from waste biomass.
Issue Date: 12-Mar-2018
Date of Acceptance: 5-Mar-2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/58708
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spc.2018.03.001
ISSN: 2352-5509
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 152
End Page: 160
Journal / Book Title: Sustainable Production and Consumption
Volume: 14
Copyright Statement: © 2018 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (E
Funder's Grant Number: EP/L017393/1
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Centre for Environmental Policy
Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Natural Sciences



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Creative Commons