A framework for the optimization of terminal airspace operations in Multi-Airport Systems

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Title: A framework for the optimization of terminal airspace operations in Multi-Airport Systems
Author(s): Sidiropoulos, S
Majumdar, A
Han, K
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Major cities like London, New York, and Tokyo are served by several airports, effectively creating a Multi-Airport System (MAS), or Metroplex. The operations of individual Metroplex airports are highly interdependent, rendering their efficient management rather difficult. This paper proposes a framework for the design of dynamic arrival and departure routes in MAS Terminal Maneuvering Areas, which fundamentally changes the operation in MAS airspaces for much improved efficiency when compared to the current situation. The framework consists of three components. The first presents a new procedure for characterizing dynamic arrival and departure routes based on the spatio-temporal distributions of flights. The second component is a novel Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) model for the prioritization of the dynamic routes, which takes into account a set of quantitative and qualitative attributes important for MAS operations. The third component is a priority-based method for the positioning of terminal waypoints as well as the design of three-dimensional, conflict-free terminal routes. Such a method accounts for the AHP-derived priorities while satisfying the minimal separation and aircraft maneuverability constraints. The developed framework is applied to a case study of the New York Metroplex, using aircraft trajectories during a heavy traffic period on typical day of operation in the New York Terminal Control Area in November 2011. The proposed framework is quantitatively assessed using the AirTOp fast-time simulation model. The results suggest significant improvements of the new design over the existing one, as measured by several key performance indicators such as travel distance, travel time, fuel burn, and controller workload. The operational feasibility of the framework is further validated qualitatively by subject matter experts from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the operator of the New York Metroplex.
Publication Date: 15-Mar-2018
Date of Acceptance: 19-Feb-2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/58079
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trb.2018.02.010
ISSN: 0191-2615
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 160
End Page: 187
Journal / Book Title: Transportation Research Part B: Methodological
Volume: 110
Copyright Statement: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Keywords: Multi-Airport System
Metroplex
Spatio-temporal clustering
Analytic hierarchy process
3-D route design
1507 Transportation And Freight Services
0102 Applied Mathematics
Logistics & Transportation
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: TRB1957
Embargo Date: 2019-03-15
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Civil and Environmental Engineering



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