Majorana representations of spin and an alternative solution of the Kitaev honeycomb model

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Title: Majorana representations of spin and an alternative solution of the Kitaev honeycomb model
Authors: Fu, J
Knolle, J
Perkins, NB
Item Type: Working Paper
Abstract: Based on the Dirac spinor representation of the SO(4) group, we discuss the relationship between three types of representation of spin in terms of Majorana fermions, namely the Kitaev representation, the SO(3) representation and the SO(4) chiral representation. Comparing the three types, we show that the Hilbert space of the SO(3) representation is different from the other two by requiring pairing of sites, but it has the advantage over the other two in that no unphysical states are involved. As an example of its application, we present a new alternative solution of the Kitaev honeycomb model. Our new solution involves no unphysical states which enables a systematic calculation of physical observables. Finally, we discuss an extension of the model to a more general exactly soluble $Z_{2}$ gauge theory interacting with complex fermions.
Issue Date: 21-Mar-2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/56891
Copyright Statement: © The Authors
Keywords: cond-mat.str-el
Notes: 14 pages, 3 figure
Appears in Collections:Condensed Matter Theory
Physics
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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