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Objective correlates and determinants of bicycle commuting propensity in an urban environment

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Title: Objective correlates and determinants of bicycle commuting propensity in an urban environment
Authors: Cole-Hunter, T
Donaire-Gonzalez, D
Curto, A
Ambros, A
Valentin, A
Garcia-Aymerich, J
Martinez, D
Braun, LM
Mendez, M
Jerrett, M
Rodriguez, D
De Nazelle, A
Nieuwenhuijsen, M
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Objective Bicycle use for commuting is being encouraged not only to address physical inactivity, but also vehicular congestion, air pollution and climate change. The current study aimed to ascertain the urban environmental correlates and determinants of bicycle use for commuting (bicycle commuting) among the working or studying population in Barcelona, Spain. Methods Adults (n = 769; 52% females) recruited whilst commuting within Barcelona (Spain) responded to a comprehensive telephone survey concerning their travel behaviour. Based upon responses collected from June 2011 to May 2012, participants were categorised into four groups: frequent bicyclists, infrequent bicyclists, willing non-bicyclists, and unwilling non-bicyclists. The determinants of frequency and willingness (propensity) to commute by bicycle were assessed by multinomial logistic regression models adjusted for potential confounders and covariates. Results The number of public bicycle stations surrounding the home address and amount of greenness surrounding the work/study address were significant positive determinants of bicycle commuting propensity. On the other hand, the number of public transport stations surrounding the home address and elevation of the work/study address were significant negative determinants of bicycle commuting propensity. Individual age, education level, gender, nationality, physical activity level and commute distance significantly affected this propensity. Conclusion Greater availability of public bicycle stations and higher levels of urban greenness may increase bicycle use by adults commuting within a city such as Barcelona, Spain. Electrically-assisted public bicycles may address the challenge of elevation, making this system a more competitive mode against traditional motorised public transport.
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2015
Date of Acceptance: 3-Jul-2015
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/56554
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2015.07.004
ISSN: 1879-2340
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 132
End Page: 143
Journal / Book Title: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
Volume: 40
Copyright Statement: © 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Technology
Environmental Studies
Transportation
Transportation Science & Technology
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Commute
Bicycle
Urban
Environment
Greenness
Elevation
ROUTE CHOICE MODEL
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
BUILT-ENVIRONMENT
ACTIVE TRAVEL
RISK-FACTORS
TRANSPORTATION
HEALTH
ADULTS
INCREASE
WALKING
1205 Urban And Regional Planning
1507 Transportation And Freight Services
0502 Environmental Science And Management
Logistics & Transportation
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Centre for Environmental Policy
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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