Respiratory symptoms are more common among short sleepers independent of obesity

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Title: Respiratory symptoms are more common among short sleepers independent of obesity
Authors: Bjornsdottir, E
Janson, C
Lindberg, E
Arnardottir, ES
Benediktsdottir, B
Garcia-Aymerich, J
Elie Carsin, A
Gomez Real, F
Toren, K
Heinrich, J
Nowak, D
Luis Sanchez-Ramos, J
Demoly, P
Dorado Arenas, S
Coloma Navarro, R
Schlunssen, V
Raherison, C
Jarvis, DL
Gislason, T
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Introduction Sleep length has been associated with obesity and various adverse health outcomes. The possible association of sleep length and respiratory symptoms has not been previously described. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between sleep length and respiratory symptoms and whether such an association existed independent of obesity. Methods This is a multicentre, cross-sectional, population-based study performed in 23 centres in 10 different countries. Participants (n=5079, 52.3% males) were adults in the third follow-up of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey III. The mean±SD age was 54.2±7.1 (age range 39–67 years). Information was collected on general and respiratory health and sleep characteristics. Results The mean reported nighttime sleep duration was 6.9±1.0 hours. Short sleepers (<6 hours per night) were n=387 (7.6%) and long sleepers (≥9 hours per night) were n=271 (4.3%). Short sleepers were significantly more likely to report all respiratory symptoms (wheezing, waking up with chest tightness, shortness of breath, coughing, phlegm and bronchitis) except asthma after adjusting for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), centre, marital status, exercise and smoking. Excluding BMI from the model covariates did not affect the results. Short sleep was related to 11 out of 16 respiratory and nasal symptoms among subjects with BMI ≥30 and 9 out of 16 symptoms among subjects with BMI <30. Much fewer symptoms were related to long sleep, both for subjects with BMI <30 and ≥30. Conclusions Our results show that short sleep duration is associated with many common respiratory symptoms, and this relationship is independent of obesity.
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2017
Date of Acceptance: 27-Jun-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/54580
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjresp-2017-000206
ISSN: 2052-4439
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Journal / Book Title: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Copyright Statement: © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted. This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Sponsor/Funder: Commission of the European Communities
Funder's Grant Number: EC project no 211488
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Respiratory System
BODY-MASS INDEX
LONG-SLEEP
RISK-FACTORS
GENERAL-POPULATION
DAYTIME SLEEPINESS
METABOLIC SYNDROME
HEALTH-SURVEY
DURATION
APNEA
INSOMNIA
ALEC
Sleep length
epidemiology
respiratory symptoms
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: e000206
Appears in Collections:Infectious Disease Epidemiology
National Heart and Lung Institute
Faculty of Medicine



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