Eye-tracking technology in medical education: A systematic review

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Title: Eye-tracking technology in medical education: A systematic review
Authors: Ashraf, H
Sodergren, M
Merali, N
Mylonas, G
Singh, H
Darzi, A
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Background: Eye-tracking technology is an established research tool within allied industries such as advertising, psychology and aerospace. This review aims to consolidate literature describing the evidence for use of eye-tracking as an adjunct to traditional teaching methods in medical education. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted in line with STORIES guidelines. A search of EMBASE, OVID MEDLINE, PsycINFO, TRIP database, and Science Direct was conducted until January 2017. Studies describing the use of eye-tracking in the training, assessment, and feedback of clinicians were included in the review. Results: Thirty-three studies were included in the final qualitative synthesis. Three studies were based on the use of gaze training, three studies on the changes in gaze behavior during the learning curve, 17 studies on clinical assessment and six studies focused on the use of eye-tracking methodology as a feedback tool. The studies demonstrated feasibility and validity in the use of eye-tracking as a training and assessment method. Conclusions: Overall, eye-tracking methodology has contributed significantly to the training, assessment, and feedback practices used in the clinical setting. The technology provides reliable quantitative data, which can be interpreted to give an indication of clinical skill, provide training solutions and aid in feedback and reflection. This review provides a detailed summary of evidence relating to eye-tracking methodology and its uses as a training method, changes in visual gaze behavior during the learning curve, eye-tracking methodology for proficiency assessment and its uses as a feedback tool.
Issue Date: 26-Nov-2017
Date of Acceptance: 26-Nov-2017
ISSN: 0142-159X
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Start Page: 62
End Page: 69
Journal / Book Title: Medical Teacher
Volume: 40
Issue: 1
Copyright Statement: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Medical Teacher on 26 November 2017, available online at:
Keywords: 1302 Curriculum And Pedagogy
1301 Education Systems
1303 Specialist Studies In Education
Medical Informatics
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Division of Surgery
Faculty of Medicine

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