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Age-Related Vestibular Loss: Current Understanding and Future Research Directions

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Title: Age-Related Vestibular Loss: Current Understanding and Future Research Directions
Authors: Allen, D
Ribeiro, L
Arshad, Q
Seemungal, BM
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: The vestibular system sub-serves a number of reflex and perceptual functions, comprising the peripheral apparatus, the vestibular nerve, the brainstem and cerebellar processing circuits, the thalamic relays, and the vestibular cerebral cortical network. This system provides signals of self-motion, important for gaze and postural control, and signals of traveled distance, for spatial orientation, especially in the dark. Current evidence suggests that certain aspects of this multi-faceted system may deteriorate with age and sometimes with severe consequences, such as falls. Often the deterioration in vestibular functioning relates to how the signal is processed by brain circuits rather than an impairment in the sensory transduction process. We review current data concerning age-related changes in the vestibular system, and how this may be important for clinicians dealing with balance disorders.
Issue Date: 21-Aug-2017
Date of Acceptance: 2-Dec-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/54508
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2016.00231
ISSN: 1664-2295
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Journal / Book Title: Frontiers in Neurology
Volume: 8
Copyright Statement: © 2016 Allen, Ribeiro, Arshad and Seemungal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Sponsor/Funder: The Academy of Medical Sciences
Imperial College Trust
Medical Research Council (MRC)
Funder's Grant Number: N/A
N/A
MR/P006493/1
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Clinical Neurology
Neurosciences
Neurosciences & Neurology
vestibular system
aging
vestibular perception
vestibular apparatus
vestibular reflexes
EVOKED MYOGENIC POTENTIALS
PAROXYSMAL POSITIONAL VERTIGO
OLDER-ADULTS
SENSORY EPITHELIA
TEMPORAL BONE
DIZZINESS
OTOCONIA
GANGLION
NUCLEUS
EPIDEMIOLOGY
STIMULATION
1109 Neurosciences
1103 Clinical Sciences
1701 Psychology
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: 231
Appears in Collections:Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine



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