Fundamental diagrams of airport surface traffic: Models and applications

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Title: Fundamental diagrams of airport surface traffic: Models and applications
Author(s): Yang, L
Yin, S
Han, K
Haddad, J
Hu, M
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: This paper reveals and explores the flow characteristics of airport surface network on both mesoscopic and macroscopic levels. We propose an efficient modeling approach based on the cell transmission model for simulating the spatio-temporal evolution of flow and congestion on taxiway and apron networks. The existence of link-based fundamental diagram that expresses the functional relationship between link density and flow is demonstrated using empirical data collected in Guangzhou Baiyun airport. The proposed CTM-based network model is shown to be an efficient and accurate method capable of supporting air traffic prediction and decision support. In addition, using both CTM-based simulation and empirical data, we further reveal the existence of an aggregate relationship between traffic density and runway throughput, which is referred to as macroscopic fundamental diagram (MFD) in the literature of road traffic. The MFD on the airport surface is analyzed in depth, and utilized to devise several robust off-block control strategies under uncertainties, which are shown to significantly outperform existing off-block control methods.
Publication Date: 8-Nov-2017
Date of Acceptance: 31-Oct-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/54124
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trb.2017.10.015
ISSN: 0191-2615
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 29
End Page: 51
Journal / Book Title: Transportation Research Part B: Methodological
Volume: 106
Copyright Statement: © 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Copyright Statement: © 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Keywords: Airport surface operation
cell transmission model
fundamental diagram
Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram
off-block control
1507 Transportation And Freight Services
0102 Applied Mathematics
Logistics & Transportation
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: TRB1902
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Civil and Environmental Engineering



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