Global, regional, and national burden of cardiovascular diseases for 10 causes, 1990 to 2015

File Description SizeFormat 
1-s2.0-S0735109717372443-main.pdfPublished version2.44 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Global, regional, and national burden of cardiovascular diseases for 10 causes, 1990 to 2015
Authors: Roth, GA
Johnson, C
Abajobir, A
Abd-Allah, F
Abera, SF
Abyu, G
Ahmed, M
Aksut, B
Alam, T
Alam, K
Alla, F
Alvis-Guzman, N
Amrock, S
Ansari, H
Arnlov, J
Asayesh, H
Atey, TM
Avila-Burgos, L
Awasthi, A
Banerjee, A
Barac, A
Barnighausen, T
Barregard, L
Bedi, N
Ketema, EB
Bennett, D
Berhe, G
Bhutta, Z
Bitew, S
Carapetis, J
Carrero, JJ
Malta, DC
Andres Castaneda-Orjuela, C
Castillo-Rivas, J
Catala-Lopez, F
Choi, J-Y
Christensen, H
Cirillo, M
Cooper, L
Criqui, M
Cundiff, D
Damasceno, A
Dandona, L
Dandona, R
Davletov, K
Dharmaratne, S
Dorairaj, P
Dubey, M
Ehrenkranz, R
Zaki, MES
Faraon, EJA
Esteghamati, A
Farid, T
Farvid, M
Feigin, V
Ding, EL
Fowkes, G
Gebrehiwot, T
Gillum, R
Gold, A
Gona, P
Gupta, R
Habtewold, TD
Hafezi-Nejad, N
Hailu, T
Hailu, GB
Hankey, G
Hassen, HY
Abate, KH
Havmoeller, R
Hay, SI
Horino, M
Hotez, PJ
Jacobsen, K
James, S
Javanbakht, M
Jeemon, P
John, D
Jonas, J
Kalkonde, Y
Karimkhani, C
Kasaeian, A
Khader, Y
Khan, A
Khang, Y-H
Khera, S
Khoja, AT
Khubchandani, J
Kim, D
Kolte, D
Kosen, S
Krohn, KJ
Kumar, GA
Kwan, GF
Lal, DK
Larsson, A
Linn, S
Lopez, A
Lotufo, PA
Abd El Razek, HM
Malekzadeh, R
Mazidi, M
Meier, T
Meles, KG
Mensah, G
Meretoja, A
Mezgebe, H
Miller, T
Mirrakhimov, E
Mohammed, S
Moran, AE
Musa, KI
Narula, J
Neal, B
Ngalesoni, F
Grant, N
Obermeyer, CM
Owolabi, M
Patton, G
Pedro, J
Qato, D
Qorbani, M
Rahimi, K
Rai, RK
Rawaf, S
Ribeiro, A
Safiri, S
Salomon, JA
Santos, I
Milicevic, MS
Sartorius, B
Schutte, A
Sepanlou, S
Shaikh, MA
Shin, M-J
Shishehbor, M
Shore, H
Santos Silva, DA
Sobngwi, E
Stranges, S
Swaminathan, S
Tabares-Seisdedos, R
Atnafu, NT
Tesfay, F
Thakur, JS
Thrift, A
Topor-Madry, R
Truelsen, T
Tyrovolas, S
Ukwaja, KN
Uthman, O
Vasankari, T
Vlassov, V
Vollset, SE
Wakayo, T
Watkins, D
Weintraub, R
Werdecker, A
Westerman, R
Wiysonge, CS
Wolfe, C
Workicho, A
Xu, G
Yano, Y
Yip, P
Yonemoto, N
Younis, M
Yu, C
Vos, T
Naghavi, M
Murray, C
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Background The burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remains unclear in many regions of the world. Objectives The GBD (Global Burden of Disease) 2015 study integrated data on disease incidence, prevalence, and mortality to produce consistent, up-to-date estimates for cardiovascular burden. Methods CVD mortality was estimated from vital registration and verbal autopsy data. CVD prevalence was estimated using modeling software and data from health surveys, prospective cohorts, health system administrative data, and registries. Years lived with disability (YLD) were estimated by multiplying prevalence by disability weights. Years of life lost (YLL) were estimated by multiplying age-specific CVD deaths by a reference life expectancy. A sociodemographic index (SDI) was created for each location based on income per capita, educational attainment, and fertility. Results In 2015, there were an estimated 422.7 million cases of CVD (95% uncertainty interval: 415.53 to 427.87 million cases) and 17.92 million CVD deaths (95% uncertainty interval: 17.59 to 18.28 million CVD deaths). Declines in the age-standardized CVD death rate occurred between 1990 and 2015 in all high-income and some middle-income countries. Ischemic heart disease was the leading cause of CVD health lost globally, as well as in each world region, followed by stroke. As SDI increased beyond 0.25, the highest CVD mortality shifted from women to men. CVD mortality decreased sharply for both sexes in countries with an SDI >0.75. Conclusions CVDs remain a major cause of health loss for all regions of the world. Sociodemographic change over the past 25 years has been associated with dramatic declines in CVD in regions with very high SDI, but only a gradual decrease or no change in most regions. Future updates of the GBD study can be used to guide policymakers who are focused on reducing the overall burden of noncommunicable disease and achieving specific global health targets for CVD.
Issue Date: 17-May-2017
Date of Acceptance: 21-Apr-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/51227
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2017.04.052
ISSN: 0735-1097
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 1
End Page: 25
Journal / Book Title: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume: 70
Issue: 1
Copyright Statement: © 2017 the Authors. Published by Elsevier on behalf of the American College of Cardiology Foundation. this is an open access article under the CC-BY license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems
Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
cause of death
epidemiology
global health
PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL-DISEASE
AMERICAN-HEART-ASSOCIATION
CAUSE-SPECIFIC MORTALITY
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS
DISABILITY WEIGHTS
RISK-FACTORS
PREVALENCE
DEATHS
HYPERTENSION
cause of death
epidemiology
global health
Adult
Aged
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cause of Death
Female
Global Health
Humans
Life Expectancy
Male
Middle Aged
Morbidity
Prevalence
Prospective Studies
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Sex Distribution
Survival Rate
Young Adult
Humans
Cardiovascular Diseases
Life Expectancy
Morbidity
Prevalence
Cause of Death
Survival Rate
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Retrospective Studies
Prospective Studies
Sex Distribution
Adult
Aged
Middle Aged
Female
Male
Young Adult
Global Health
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems
Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
cause of death
epidemiology
global health
PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL-DISEASE
AMERICAN-HEART-ASSOCIATION
CAUSE-SPECIFIC MORTALITY
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS
DISABILITY WEIGHTS
RISK-FACTORS
PREVALENCE
DEATHS
HYPERTENSION
1102 Cardiovascular Medicine And Haematology
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Cardiovascular System & Hematology
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine
Epidemiology, Public Health and Primary Care



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Creative Commonsx