A restatement of the natural science evidence base concerning the health effects of low-level ionizing radiation.

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Title: A restatement of the natural science evidence base concerning the health effects of low-level ionizing radiation.
Author(s): McLean, AR
Adlen, EK
Cardis, E
Elliott, A
Goodhead, DT
Harms-Ringdahl, M
Hendry, JH
Hoskin, P
Jeggo, PA
Mackay, DJC
Muirhead, CR
Shepherd, J
Shore, RE
Thomas, GA
Wakeford, R
Godfray, HCJ
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Exposure to ionizing radiation is ubiquitous, and it is well established that moderate and high doses cause ill-health and can be lethal. The health effects of low doses or low dose-rates of ionizing radiation are not so clear. This paper describes a project which sets out to summarize, as a restatement, the natural science evidence base concerning the human health effects of exposure to low-level ionizing radiation. A novel feature, compared to other reviews, is that a series of statements are listed and categorized according to the nature and strength of the evidence that underpins them. The purpose of this restatement is to provide a concise entrée into this vibrant field, pointing the interested reader deeper into the literature when more detail is needed. It is not our purpose to reach conclusions on whether the legal limits on radiation exposures are too high, too low or just right. Our aim is to provide an introduction so that non-specialist individuals in this area (be they policy-makers, disputers of policy, health professionals or students) have a straightforward place to start. The summary restatement of the evidence and an extensively annotated bibliography are provided as appendices in the electronic supplementary material.
Publication Date: 13-Sep-2017
Date of Acceptance: 13-Jul-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/51034
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2017.1070
ISSN: 1471-2954
Publisher: Royal Society, The
Journal / Book Title: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume: 284
Issue: 1862
Copyright Statement: © 2017 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.
Sponsor/Funder: National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health
Funder's Grant Number: 2U24CA082102-08
2U24CA082102-12
Keywords: cancer
epidemiology
evidence for policy
nuclear
radiation
radon
cancer
epidemiology
evidence for policy
nuclear
radiation
radon
06 Biological Sciences
11 Medical And Health Sciences
07 Agricultural And Veterinary Sciences
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: 20171070
Open Access location: http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/cgi/content/abstract/rspb.2017.1070
Appears in Collections:Division of Surgery
Division of Cancer



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