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Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

Title: Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study
Authors: Tehrani-Banihashemi, A
Moradi-Lakeh, M
El Bcheraoui, C
Charara, R
Khalil, I
Afshin, A
Collison, M
Daoud, F
Krohn, KJ
Chew, A
Cornaby, L
Foreman, KJ
Frostad, J
Kassebaum, NJ
Kemmer, L
Kutz, M
Liu, P
Mirarefin, M
Nguyen, G
Wang, H
Zipkin, B
Abajobir, AA
Abouzeid, M
Abu-Rmeileh, NME
Ahmad Kiadaliri, A
Ahmed, MB
Aksut, B
Alam, K
Alasfoor, D
Ali, R
Alizadeh-Navaei, R
Al-Raddadi, R
Alsharif, U
Altirkawi, KA
Alvis-Guzman, N
Anber, N
Anwari, P
Ärnlöv, J
Asgedom, SW
Atey, TM
Awasthi, A
Bärnighausen, T
Bacha, U
Barac, A
Barker-Collo, SL
Bedi, N
Bennett, DA
Berhe, DF
Biadgilign, S
Butt, ZA
Carapetis, JR
Castro, RE
Chitheer, AA
Davletov, K
Dharmaratne, SD
Djalalinia, S
Do, HP
Dubey, M
Ebrahimi, H
Eshrati, B
Esteghamati, A
Farvid, MS
Fereshtehnejad, SM
Fischer, F
Gebrehiwot, SW
Gebrehiwot, TT
Gillum, RF
Gona, PN
Gupta, R
Hafezi-Nejad, N
Hamadeh, RR
Hamidi, S
Hsairi, M
Jee, SH
Jonas, JB
Karimkhani, C
Kasaeian, A
Khader, YS
Khan, EA
Kim, D
Lal, DK
Larson, HJ
Latif, AA
Linn, S
Lotufo, PA
Lunevicius, R
Magdy Abd El Razek, H
Majeed, A
Malekzadeh, R
Malta, DC
Meier, T
Memiah, P
Memish, ZA
Mendoza, W
Mensah, GA
Meretoja, A
Miller, TR
Mirrakhimov, EM
Mohammed, S
Nguyen, QL
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Objectives: To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990–2015. Methods: We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. Results: A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95% UI: 1.3–1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723). The age-standardized DALY rate per 100,000 decreased from 10,080 in 1990 to 8606 in 2015 (14.6% decrease). Afghanistan had the highest age-standardized DALY rate of CVD in both 1990 and 2015. Kuwait and Qatar had the lowest age-standardized DALY rates of CVD in 1990 and 2015, respectively. High blood pressure, high total cholesterol, and high body mass index were the leading risk factors for CVD. Conclusions: The age-standardized DALY rates in the EMR are considerably higher than the global average. These findings call for a comprehensive approach to prevent and control the burden of CVD in the region.
Issue Date: 1-May-2018
Date of Acceptance: 28-Jun-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/49801
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-017-1012-3
ISSN: 1661-8556
Start Page: 137
End Page: 149
Journal / Book Title: International Journal of Public Health
Volume: 63
Issue: Suppl. 1
Copyright Statement: © The Author(s) 2017. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: 1117 Public Health And Health Services
Public Health
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2017-08-03
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine
Epidemiology, Public Health and Primary Care



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