Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

Title: Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study
Authors: Tehrani-Banihashemi, A
Moradi-Lakeh, M
El Bcheraoui, C
Charara, R
Khalil, I
Afshin, A
Collison, M
Daoud, F
Krohn, KJ
Chew, A
Cornaby, L
Foreman, KJ
Frostad, J
Kassebaum, NJ
Kemmer, L
Kutz, M
Liu, P
Mirarefin, M
Nguyen, G
Wang, H
Zipkin, B
Abajobir, AA
Abouzeid, M
Abu-Rmeileh, NME
Ahmad Kiadaliri, A
Ahmed, MB
Aksut, B
Alam, K
Alasfoor, D
Ali, R
Alizadeh-Navaei, R
Al-Raddadi, R
Alsharif, U
Altirkawi, KA
Alvis-Guzman, N
Anber, N
Anwari, P
Ärnlöv, J
Asgedom, SW
Atey, TM
Awasthi, A
Bärnighausen, T
Bacha, U
Barac, A
Barker-Collo, SL
Bedi, N
Bennett, DA
Berhe, DF
Biadgilign, S
Butt, ZA
Carapetis, JR
Castro, RE
Chitheer, AA
Davletov, K
Dharmaratne, SD
Djalalinia, S
Do, HP
Dubey, M
Ebrahimi, H
Eshrati, B
Esteghamati, A
Farvid, MS
Fereshtehnejad, SM
Fischer, F
Gebrehiwot, SW
Gebrehiwot, TT
Gillum, RF
Gona, PN
Gupta, R
Hafezi-Nejad, N
Hamadeh, RR
Hamidi, S
Hsairi, M
Jee, SH
Jonas, JB
Karimkhani, C
Kasaeian, A
Khader, YS
Khan, EA
Kim, D
Lal, DK
Larson, HJ
Latif, AA
Linn, S
Lotufo, PA
Lunevicius, R
Magdy Abd El Razek, H
Majeed, A
Malekzadeh, R
Malta, DC
Meier, T
Memiah, P
Memish, ZA
Mendoza, W
Mensah, GA
Meretoja, A
Miller, TR
Mirrakhimov, EM
Mohammed, S
Nguyen, QL
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Objectives: To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990–2015. Methods: We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. Results: A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95% UI: 1.3–1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723). The age-standardized DALY rate per 100,000 decreased from 10,080 in 1990 to 8606 in 2015 (14.6% decrease). Afghanistan had the highest age-standardized DALY rate of CVD in both 1990 and 2015. Kuwait and Qatar had the lowest age-standardized DALY rates of CVD in 1990 and 2015, respectively. High blood pressure, high total cholesterol, and high body mass index were the leading risk factors for CVD. Conclusions: The age-standardized DALY rates in the EMR are considerably higher than the global average. These findings call for a comprehensive approach to prevent and control the burden of CVD in the region.
Issue Date: 1-May-2018
Date of Acceptance: 28-Jun-2017
ISSN: 1661-8556
Start Page: 137
End Page: 149
Journal / Book Title: International Journal of Public Health
Volume: 63
Issue: Suppl. 1
Copyright Statement: © The Author(s) 2017. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: 1117 Public Health And Health Services
Public Health
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2017-08-03
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine
Epidemiology, Public Health and Primary Care

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