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The CMS trigger system

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Khachatryan_2017_J._Inst._12_P01020.pdfPublished version12.96 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: The CMS trigger system
Authors: Khachatryan, V
Sirunyan, AM
Tumasyan, A
Adam, W
Asilar, E
Bergauer, T
Brandstetter, J
Brondolin, E
Dragicevic, M
Eroe, J
Flechl, M
Friedl, M
Fruehwirth, R
Ghete, VM
Hartl, C
Hoermann, N
Hrubec, J
Jeitler, M
Knuenz, V
Koenig, A
Krammer, M
Kraetschmer, I
Liko, D
Matsushita, T
Mikulec, I
Rabady, D
Rahbaran, B
Rohringer, H
Schieck, J
Schoefbeck, R
Strauss, J
Treberer-Treberspurg, W
Waltenberger, W
Wulz, C-E
Mossolov, V
Shumeiko, N
Gonzalez, JS
Alderweireldt, S
Cornelis, T
De Wolf, EA
Janssen, X
Knutsson, A
Lauwers, J
Luyckx, S
Van de Klundert, M
Van Haevermaet, H
Van Mechelen, P
Van Remortel, N
Van Spilbeeck, A
Abu Zeid, S
Blekman, F
D'Hondt, J
Daci, N
De Bruyn, I
Deroover, K
Heracleous, N
Keaveney, J
Lowette, S
Moreels, L
Olbrechts, A
Python, Q
Strom, D
Tavernier, S
Van Doninck, W
Van Mulders, P
Van Onsem, GP
Van Parijs, I
Barria, P
Brun, H
Caillol, C
Clerbaux, B
De Lentdecker, G
Fasanella, G
Favart, L
Grebenyuk, A
Karapostoli, G
Lenzi, T
Leonard, A
Maerschalk, T
Marinov, A
Pernie, L
Randle-Conde, A
Reis, T
Seva, T
Vander Velde, C
Vanlaer, P
Yonamine, R
Zenoni, F
Zhang, F
Beernaert, K
Benucci, L
Cimmino, A
Crucy, S
Dobur, D
Fagot, A
Garcia, G
Gul, M
Mccartin, J
Rios, AAO
Poyraz, D
Ryckbosch, D
Salva, S
Sigamani, M
Strobbe, N
Tytgat, M
Van Driessche, W
Yazgan, E
Zaganidis, N
Basegmez, S
Beluffi, C
Bondu, O
Brochet, S
Bruno, G
Caudron, A
Ceard, L
Da Silveira, GG
Delaere, C
Favart, D
Forthomme, L
Giammanco, A
Hollar, J
Jafari, A
Jez, P
Komm, M
Lemaitre, V
Mertens, A
Musich, M
Nuttens, C
Perrini, L
Pin, A
Piotrzkowski, K
Popov, A
Quertenmont, L
Selvaggi, M
Marono, MV
Beliy, N
Hammad, GH
Alda Junior, WL
Alves, FL
Alves, GA
Brito, L
Correa Martins Junior, M
Hamer, M
Hensel, C
Mora Herrera, C
Moraes, A
Pol, ME
Rebello Teles, P
Belchior Batista Das Chagas, E
Carvalho, W
Chinellato, J
Custodio, A
Da Costa, EM
De Jesus Damiao, D
De Oliveira Martins, C
Fonseca De Souza, S
Huertas Guativa, LM
Malbouisson, H
Matos Figueiredo, D
Mundim, L
Nogima, H
Prado Da Silva, WL
Santoro, A
Sznajder, A
Tonelli Manganote, EJ
Vilela Pereira, A
Ahuja, S
Bernardes, CA
De Souza Santos, A
Dogra, S
Fernandez Perez Tomei, TR
Gregores, EM
Mercadante, PG
Moon, CS
Novaes, SF
Padula, SS
Romero Abad, D
Ruiz Vargas, JC
Aleksandrov, A
Hadjiiska, R
Iaydjiev, P
Rodozov, M
Stoykova, S
Sultanov, G
Vutova, M
Dimitrov, A
Glushkov, I
Litov, L
Pavlov, B
Petkov, P
Ahmad, M
Bian, JG
Chen, GM
Chen, HS
Chen, M
Cheng, T
Du, R
Jiang, CH
Plestina, R
Romeo, F
Shaheen, SM
Spiezia, A
Tao, J
Wang, C
Wang, Z
Zhang, H
Asawatangtrakuldee, C
Ban, Y
Li, Q
Liu, S
Mao, Y
Qian, SJ
Wang, D
Xu, Z
Avila, C
Cabrera, A
Chaparro Sierra, LF
Florez, C
Gomez, JP
Gomez Moreno, B
Sanabria, JC
Godinovic, N
Lelas, D
Puljak, I
Cipriano, PMR
Antunovic, Z
Kovac, M
Brigljevic, V
Kadija, K
Luetic, J
Micanovic, S
Sudic, L
Attikis, A
Mavromanolakis, G
Mousa, J
Nicolaou, C
Ptochos, F
Razis, PA
Rykaczewski, H
Bodlak, M
Finger, M
Finger, M
Assran, Y
El Sawy, M
Elgammal, S
Kamel, AE
Mahmoud, MA
Calpas, B
Kadastik, M
Murumaa, M
Raidal, M
Tiko, A
Veelken, C
Eerola, P
Pekkanen, J
Voutilainen, M
Harkonen, J
Karimaki, V
Kinnunen, R
Lampen, T
Lassila-Perini, K
Lehti, S
Linden, T
Luukka, P
Maenpaa, T
Peltola, T
Tuominen, E
Tuominiemi, J
Tuovinen, E
Wendland, L
Talvitie, J
Tuuva, T
Besancon, M
Couderc, F
Dejardin, M
Denegri, D
Fabbro, B
Faure, JL
Favaro, C
Ferri, F
Ganjour, S
Givernaud, A
Gras, P
De Monchenault, GH
Jarry, P
Locci, E
Machet, M
Malcles, J
Rander, J
Rosowsky, A
Titov, M
Zghiche, A
Antropov, I
Baffioni, S
Beaudette, F
Busson, P
Cadamuro, L
Chapon, E
Charlot, C
Dahms, T
Davignon, O
Filipovic, N
Florent, A
De Cassagnac, RG
Lisniak, S
Mastrolorenzo, L
Mine, P
Naranjo, IN
Nguyen, M
Ochando, C
Ortona, G
Paganini, P
Pigard, P
Regnard, S
Salerno, R
Sauvan, JB
Sirois, Y
Strebler, T
Yilmaz, Y
Zabi, A
Agram, J-L
Andrea, J
Aubin, A
Bloch, D
Brom, J-M
Buttignol, M
Chabert, EC
Chanon, N
Collard, C
Conte, E
Coubez, X
Fontaine, J-C
Gele, D
Goerlach, U
Goetzmann, C
Le Bihan, A-C
Merlin, JA
Skovpen, K
Van Hove, P
Gadrat, S
Beauceron, S
Bernet, C
Boudoul, G
Bouvier, E
Montoya, CAC
Chierici, R
Contardo, D
Courbon, B
Depasse, P
El Mamouni, H
Fan, J
Fay, J
Gascon, S
Gouzevitch, M
Ille, B
Lagarde, F
Laktineh, IB
Lethuillier, M
Mirabito, L
Pequegnot, AL
Perries, S
Alvarez, JDR
Sabes, D
Sgandurra, L
Sordini, V
Vander Donckt, M
Verdier, P
Viret, S
Toriashvili, T
Tsamalaidze, Z
Autermann, C
Beranek, S
Edelhoff, M
Feld, L
Heister, A
Kiesel, MK
Klein, K
Lipinski, M
Ostapchuk, A
Preuten, M
Raupach, F
Schael, S
Schulte, JF
Verlage, T
Weber, H
Wittmer, B
Zhukov, V
Ata, M
Brodski, M
Dietz-Laursonn, E
Duchardt, D
Endres, M
Erdmann, M
Erdweg, S
Esch, T
Fischer, R
Gueth, A
Hebbeker, T
Heidemann, C
Hoepfner, K
Klingebiel, D
Knutzen, S
Kreuzer, P
Merschmeyer, M
Meyer, A
Millet, P
Olschewski, M
Padeken, K
Papacz, P
Pook, T
Radziej, M
Reithler, H
Rieger, M
Scheuch, F
Sonnenschein, L
Teyssier, D
Thueer, S
Cherepanov, V
Erdogan, Y
Fluegge, G
Geenen, H
Geisler, M
Hoehle, F
Kargoll, B
Kress, T
Kuessel, Y
Kuensken, A
Lingemann, J
Nehrkorn, A
Nowack, A
Nugent, IM
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Dooling, S
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Geiser, A
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Jung, H
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Kleinwort, C
Korol, I
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Lohmann, W
Mankel, R
Marfin, I
Melzer-Pellmann, I-A
Meyer, AB
Mittag, G
Mnich, J
Mussgiller, A
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Nayak, A
Ntomari, E
Perrey, H
Pitzl, D
Placakyte, R
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Roland, B
Sahin, MO
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Schoerner-Sadenius, T
Schroeder, M
Seitz, C
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Petrushanko, S
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Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: This paper describes the CMS trigger system and its performance during Run 1 of the LHC. The trigger system consists of two levels designed to select events of potential physics interest from a GHz (MHz) interaction rate of proton-proton (heavy ion) collisions. The first level of the trigger is implemented in hardware, and selects events containing detector signals consistent with an electron, photon, muon, τ lepton, jet, or missing transverse energy. A programmable menu of up to 128 object-based algorithms is used to select events for subsequent processing. The trigger thresholds are adjusted to the LHC instantaneous luminosity during data taking in order to restrict the output rate to 100 kHz, the upper limit imposed by the CMS readout electronics. The second level, implemented in software, further refines the purity of the output stream, selecting an average rate of 400 Hz for offline event storage. The objectives, strategy and performance of the trigger system during the LHC Run 1 are described.
Issue Date: 24-Jan-2017
Date of Acceptance: 7-Jan-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/49482
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/01/P01020
ISSN: 1748-0221
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Start Page: 1
End Page: 118
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Instrumentation
Volume: 12
Copyright Statement: © CERN 2017 for the benefit of the CMS collaboration, published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License by IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab srl. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation and DOI.
Keywords: Science & Technology
Technology
Instruments & Instrumentation
Trigger concepts and systems (hardware and software)
Trigger detectors
Data acquisition circuits
MUON SYSTEM
CALORIMETER
PERFORMANCE
DETECTOR
TRACK
LHC
Nuclear & Particles Physics
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Physics
High Energy Physics



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