Large-scale genome-wide screening of circulating microRNAs in clear cell renal cell carcinoma reveals specific signatures in late-stage disease

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Title: Large-scale genome-wide screening of circulating microRNAs in clear cell renal cell carcinoma reveals specific signatures in late-stage disease
Author(s): Chanudet, E
Wozniak, MB
Bouaoun, L
Byrnes, G
Mukeriya, A
Zaridze, D
Brennan, P
Muller, DC
Scelo, G
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Circulating miRNAs have shown great promises as noninvasive diagnostic and predictive biomarkers in several solid tumors. While the miRNA profiles of renal tumors have been extensively explored, knowledge of their circulating counterparts is limited. Our study aimed to provide a large-scale genome-wide profiling of plasma circulating miRNA in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Plasma samples from 94 ccRCC cases and 100 controls were screened for 754 circulating micro-RNAs (miRNA) by TaqMan arrays. Analyses including known risk factors for renal cancer—namely, age, sex, hypertension, obesity, diabetes, tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption—highlighted that circulating miRNA profiles were tightly correlated with the stage of the disease. Advanced tumors, characterized as stage III and IV, were associated with specific miRNA signatures that significantly differ from both controls and earlier stage ccRCC cases. Molecular pathway enrichment analyses of their gene targets showed high similarities with alterations observed in renal tumors. Plasma circulating levels of miR-150 were significantly associated with RCC-specific survival and could marginally improve the predictive accuracy of clinical parameters in our series, including age at diagnosis, sex and conventional staging. In summary, our results suggest that circulating miRNAs may provide insights into renal cell carcinoma progression.
Publication Date: 7-Jul-2017
Date of Acceptance: 6-Jun-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/49010
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.30845
ISSN: 1097-0215
Publisher: Wiley
Start Page: 1730
End Page: 1740
Journal / Book Title: International Journal of Cancer
Volume: 141
Issue: 9
Copyright Statement: © 2017 UICC. This is the accepted version of the following article, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ijc.30845/abstract
Keywords: biomarker
circulating miRNA
kidney cancer
1112 Oncology And Carcinogenesis
Oncology & Carcinogenesis
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine
Epidemiology, Public Health and Primary Care



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