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Reconstruction of the Jaynes-Cummings field state of ionic motion in a harmonic trap

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Title: Reconstruction of the Jaynes-Cummings field state of ionic motion in a harmonic trap
Authors: Lv, D
An, S
Um, M
Zhang, J
Zhang, J-N
Kim, MS
Kim, K
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: A quantum state is fully characterized by its density matrix or equivalently by its quasiprobabilities in phase space. A scheme to identify the quasiprobabilities of a quantum state is an important tool in the recent development of quantum technologies. One of the most fundamental interaction models in quantum optics is the so-called Jaynes-Cummings model (JCM), which has been massively studied theoretically and experimentally. However, the expected essential dynamics of the field states under the resonant JCM has not been observed experimentally due to the lack of a proper reconstruction scheme. In this paper, we further develop a highly efficient vacuum measurement scheme and study the JCM dynamics in a trapped ion system with the capability of the vacuum measurement to reconstruct its quasiprobability Q function, which is a preferred choice to study the core of the dynamics of a quantum state in phase space. During the JCM dynamics, the Gaussian peak of the initial coherent state bifurcates and rotates around the origin of phase space. They merge at the so-called revival time at the other side of phase space. The measured Q function agrees with the theoretical prediction. Moreover, we reconstruct the Wigner function by deconvoluting the Q function and observe the quantum interference in the Wigner function at half of the revival time, where the vibrational state becomes nearly disentangled from the internal energy states and forms a superposition of two composite states. The scheme can be applied to other physical setups including cavity or circuit-QED and optomechanical systems.
Issue Date: 11-Apr-2017
Date of Acceptance: 1-Apr-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/48204
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.95.043813
ISSN: 2469-9926
Publisher: American Physical Society
Journal / Book Title: PHYSICAL REVIEW A
Volume: 95
Issue: 4
Copyright Statement: © 2017 American Physical Society. Phys. Rev. A 95, 043813 – Published 11 April 2017
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (E
The Royal Society
Funder's Grant Number: EP/K034480/1
WM140063
Keywords: Science & Technology
Physical Sciences
Optics
Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical
Physics
QUASI-PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
SCHRODINGER-CAT STATES
QUANTUM-STATE
WIGNER FUNCTION
MODEL
COLLAPSE
REVIVAL
TOMOGRAPHY
ATOM
DYNAMICS
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: ARTN 043813
Appears in Collections:Quantum Optics and Laser Science
Physics
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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