Progress in biofuel production from gasification

File Description SizeFormat 
1-s2.0-S036012851630106X-main.pdfPublished version6.04 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Progress in biofuel production from gasification
Authors: Singh Sikarwar, V
Zhao, M
Fennell, PS
Shah, N
Anthony, EJ
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Biofuels from biomass gasification are reviewed here, and demonstrated to be an attractive option. Recent progress in gasification techniques and key generation pathways for biofuels production, process design and integration and socio-environmental impacts of biofuel generation are discussed, with the goal of investigating gasification-to-biofuels’ credentials as a sustainable and eco-friendly technology. The synthesis of important biofuels such as bio-methanol, bio-ethanol and higher alcohols, bio-dimethyl ether, Fischer Tropsch fuels, bio-methane, bio-hydrogen and algae-based fuels is reviewed, together with recent technologies, catalysts and reactors. Significant thermodynamic studies for each biofuel are also examined. Syngas cleaning is demonstrated to be a critical issue for biofuel production, and innovative pathways such as those employed by Choren Industrietechnik, Germany, and BioMCN, the Netherlands, are shown to allow efficient methanol generation. The conversion of syngas to FT transportation fuels such as gasoline and diesel over Co or Fe catalysts is reviewed and demonstrated to be a promising option for the future of biofuels. Bio-methane has emerged as a lucrative alternative for conventional transportation fuel with all the advantages of natural gas including a dense distribution, trade and supply network. Routes to produce H2 are discussed, though critical issues such as storage, expensive production routes with low efficiencies remain. Algae-based fuels are in the research and development stage, but are shown to have immense potential to become commercially important because of their capability to fix large amounts of CO2, to rapidly grow in many environments and versatile end uses. However, suitable process configurations resulting in optimal plant designs are crucial, so detailed process integration is a powerful tool to optimize current and develop new processes. LCA and ethical issues are also discussed in brief. It is clear that the use of food crops, as opposed to food wastes represents an area fraught with challenges, which must be resolved on a case by case basis.
Issue Date: 5-May-2017
Date of Acceptance: 18-Apr-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/48203
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2017.04.001
ISSN: 1873-216X
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 189
End Page: 248
Journal / Book Title: Progress in Energy and Combustion Science
Volume: 61
Copyright Statement: © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article article under the CC BY license. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Funder's Grant Number: EP/K036734/1
EP/M015351/1
Keywords: Science & Technology
Physical Sciences
Technology
Thermodynamics
Energy & Fuels
Engineering, Chemical
Engineering, Mechanical
Engineering
Biomass
Biofuels
Gasification
Process design
FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS
SYNTHETIC NATURAL-GAS
CATALYTIC STEAM GASIFICATION
CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED-BED
LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT
HYDROGEN-RICH GAS
BIOMASS-DERIVED SYNGAS
LOW-TEMPERATURE METHANATION
PULSED CORONA DISCHARGES
CARBON-DIOXIDE CAPTURE
Energy
0904 Chemical Engineering
0913 Mechanical Engineering
0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Centre for Environmental Policy
Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Natural Sciences



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Creative Commonsx