Equilibria of homogeneous functionals in the fair-competition regime

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Title: Equilibria of homogeneous functionals in the fair-competition regime
Authors: Calvez, V
Carrillo de la Plata, J
Hoffmann, F
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: We consider macroscopic descriptions of particles where repulsion is modelled by non-linear power-law diffusion and attraction by a homogeneous singular/non-singular kernel leading to variants of the Keller–Segel model of chemotaxis. We analyse the regime in which both homogeneities scale the same with respect to dilations, that we coin as fair-competition. In the singular kernel case, we show that existence of global equilibria can only happen at a certain critical value and they are characterised as optimisers of a variant of HLS inequalities. We also study the existence of self-similar solutions for the sub-critical case, or equivalently of optimisers of rescaled free energies. These optimisers are shown to be compactly supported radially symmetric and non-increasing stationary solutions of the non-linear Keller–Segel equation. On the other hand, we show that no radially symmetric non-increasing stationary solutions exist in the non-singular kernel case, implying that there is no criticality. However, we show the existence of positive self-similar solutions for all values of the parameter under the condition that diffusion is not too fast. We finally illustrate some of the open problems in the non-singular kernel case by numerical experiments.
Issue Date: 10-Apr-2017
Date of Acceptance: 16-Mar-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/45687
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.na.2017.03.008
ISSN: 0362-546X
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 85
End Page: 128
Journal / Book Title: Nonlinear Analysis
Volume: 159
Copyright Statement: © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Sponsor/Funder: The Royal Society
Funder's Grant Number: WM120001
Keywords: Science & Technology
Physical Sciences
Mathematics, Applied
Aggregation-diffusion equations
Gradient flows
0101 Pure Mathematics
0102 Applied Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Mathematics
Applied Mathematics and Mathematical Physics
Faculty of Natural Sciences

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