High resolution structural evidence suggests the Sarcoplasmic Reticulum forms microdomains with Acidic Stores (lysosomes) in the heart

File Description SizeFormat 
SciRep-2017_Lysosomes_FinalPublished.pdfPublished version2.97 MBAdobe PDFDownload
Title: High resolution structural evidence suggests the Sarcoplasmic Reticulum forms microdomains with Acidic Stores (lysosomes) in the heart
Author(s): Aston, D
Capel, RA
Ford, KL
Christian, HC
Mirams, GR
Rog-Zielinska, EA
Kohl, P
Galione, A
Burton, RAB
Terrar, DA
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Nicotinic Acid Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate (NAADP) stimulates calcium release from acidic stores such as lysosomes and is a highly potent calcium-mobilising second messenger. NAADP plays an important role in calcium signalling in the heart under basal conditions and following β-adrenergic stress. Nevertheless, the spatial interaction of acidic stores with other parts of the calcium signalling apparatus in cardiac myocytes is unknown. We present evidence that lysosomes are intimately associated with the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in ventricular myocytes; a median separation of 20 nm in 2D electron microscopy and 3.3 nm in 3D electron tomography indicates a genuine signalling microdomain between these organelles. Fourier analysis of immunolabelled lysosomes suggests a sarcomeric pattern (dominant wavelength 1.80 μm). Furthermore, we show that lysosomes form close associations with mitochondria (median separation 6.2 nm in 3D studies) which may provide a basis for the recently-discovered role of NAADP in reperfusion-induced cell death. The trigger hypothesis for NAADP action proposes that calcium release from acidic stores subsequently acts to enhance calcium release from the SR. This work provides structural evidence in cardiac myocytes to indicate the formation of microdomains between acidic and SR calcium stores, supporting emerging interpretations of NAADP physiology and pharmacology in heart.
Publication Date: 17-Jan-2017
Date of Acceptance: 9-Dec-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/45270
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep40620
ISSN: 2045-2322
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal / Book Title: Scientific Reports
Volume: 7
Copyright Statement: © 2017 The Author(s). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Sponsor/Funder: Commission of the European Communities
British Heart Foundation
Funder's Grant Number: 323099
FS/12/17/29532
Keywords: Science & Technology
Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
TYPE-1 RYANODINE RECEPTOR
MEMBRANE CONTACT SITES
2-PORE CHANNELS
CA2+ SIGNALS
NICOTINIC-ACID
ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM
SMOOTH-MUSCLE
BETA-CELLS
NAADP
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: ARTN 40620
Appears in Collections:National Heart and Lung Institute
Faculty of Medicine



Items in Spiral are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Creative Commons