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Biodiversity in the Anthropocene: prospects and policy

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Title: Biodiversity in the Anthropocene: prospects and policy
Author(s): Seddon, N
Mace, GM
Naeem, S
Tobias, JA
Pigot, AL
Cavanagh, R
Mouillot, D
Vause, J
Walpole, M
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Meeting the ever-increasing needs of the Earth’s human population without excessively reducing biological diversity is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity, suggesting that new approaches to biodiversity conservation are required. One idea rapidly gaining momentum—as well as opposition—is to incorporate the values of biodiversity into decision-making using economic methods. Here, we develop several lines of argument for how biodiversity might be valued, building on recent developments in natural science, economics and science-policy processes. Then we provide a synoptic guide to the papers in this special feature, summarizing recent research advances relevant to biodiversity valuation and management. Current evidence suggests that more biodiverse systems have greater stability and resilience, and that by maximizing key components of biodiversity we maximize an ecosystem’s long-term value. Moreover, many services and values arising from biodiversity are interdependent, and often poorly captured by standard economic models. We conclude that economic valuation approaches to biodiversity conservation should (i) account for interdependency and (ii) complement rather than replace traditional approaches. To identify possible solutions, we present a framework for understanding the foundational role of hard-to-quantify ‘biodiversity services’ in sustaining the value of ecosystems to humanity, and then use this framework to highlight new directions for pure and applied research. In most cases, clarifying the links between biodiversity and ecosystem services, and developing effective policy and practice for managing biodiversity, will require a genuinely interdisciplinary approach.
Publication Date: 7-Dec-2016
Date of Acceptance: 1-Nov-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/44214
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.2094
ISSN: 0962-8452
Publisher: Royal Society, The
Journal / Book Title: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume: 283
Issue: 1844
Copyright Statement: © 2016 The Author(s). Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Biology
Ecology
Evolutionary Biology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
biodiversity services
conservation
ecosystem
interdisciplinary
sustainable development
values
ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
FUNCTIONAL DIVERSITY
LAND-USE
ECOLOGICAL RESILIENCE
SPECIES RICHNESS
PLANT DIVERSITY
CONSERVATION
PRODUCTIVITY
ENVIRONMENT
EXTINCTION
biodiversity services
conservation
ecosystem
interdisciplinary
sustainable development
values
06 Biological Sciences
11 Medical And Health Sciences
07 Agricultural And Veterinary Sciences
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: ARTN 20162094
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Natural Sciences



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