Deformation and damage mechanisms of laminated glass windows subjected to high velocity soft impact

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Title: Deformation and damage mechanisms of laminated glass windows subjected to high velocity soft impact
Authors: Mohagheghian, I
Wang, Y
Zhou, J
Yu, L
Guo, X
Yan, Y
Charalambides, MN
Dear, JP
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Bird strike can cause serious risks to the safety of air travel. In this paper, the aim is to improve design by determining deformation and damage mechanisms of laminated glass windows when subjected to high velocity soft impacts. To achieve this, laboratory-scale impact experiments using bird substitute materials were performed in the velocity range of 100–180 m s−1. An important step forward is that high-speed 3D Digital Image Correlation (DIC) has effectively been employed to extract the full-field deformation and strain on the back surface of the specimens during impact. The finite element simulations were performed in Abaqus/explicit using Eulerian approach and were able to represent successfully the experiments. For the laminated glass structures investigated, the damage inflicted is strongly sensitive to the nose shape of the projectile and most deleterious is a flat-fronted projectile. Two threshold velocities for impact damage have been identified associated with firstly the front-facing and secondly the rear-facing glass layer breaking. The order of the glass layers significantly influences the impact performance. The findings from this research study have led to a deeper and better-quantified understanding of soft impact damage on laminated glass windows and can lead to more effective design of aircraft windshields.
Issue Date: 4-Jan-2017
Date of Acceptance: 3-Jan-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/43785
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2017.01.006
ISSN: 1879-2146
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 46
End Page: 62
Journal / Book Title: International Journal of Solids and Structures
Volume: 109
Copyright Statement: © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Sponsor/Funder: Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials (BIAM)
Funder's Grant Number: N/A
Keywords: Mechanical Engineering & Transports
09 Engineering
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Mechanical Engineering



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