Emergence of stochastic dynamics in plane Couette flow

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Title: Emergence of stochastic dynamics in plane Couette flow
Authors: Gvalani, R
Beaume, C
Item Type: Working paper
Abstract: Spatially localized states play an important role in transition to turbulence in shear flows (Kawahara, Uhlmann & van Veen, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 44, 203 (2012)). Despite the fact that some of them are attractors on the separatrix between laminar and turbulent flows, little is known of their dynamics. We investigate here the temporal dynamics of such steady spatially localized solutions in the context of plane Couette flow. These solutions exist on oscillating branches in parameter space. We consider the saddle-nodes of these branches as initial conditions of simulations run with offset Reynolds numbers. We observe a relaminarization regime mostly characterized by deterministic dynamics and identify within this regime the existence of parameter intervals in which the results are stochastic and long-lived chaotic transients are observed. These results are obtained below the threshold for transition, shed light on the emergence of stochasticity in transitional plane Couette flow and will likely inform a range of shear flow configurations.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/43056
Copyright Statement: © 2016 The Author(s)
Keywords: physics.flu-dyn
Notes: 5 pages, 6 figures
Appears in Collections:Mathematics
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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