Why the Convention on the Rights of the Child must become a guiding framework for the realization of the rights of children affected by tuberculosis

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Title: Why the Convention on the Rights of the Child must become a guiding framework for the realization of the rights of children affected by tuberculosis
Authors: Basu Roy, R
Brandt, N
Moodie, N
Motlagh, M
Rasanathan, K
Seddon, JA
Detjen, AK
Kampmann, B
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Background Until recently, paediatric tuberculosis (TB) has been relatively neglected by the broader TB and the maternal and child health communities. Human rights-based approaches to children affected by TB could be powerful; however, awareness and application of such strategies is not widespread. Discussion We summarize the current challenges faced by children affected by TB, including: consideration of their family context; the limitations of preventive, diagnostic and treatment options; paucity of paediatric-specific research; failure in implementation of interventions; and stigma. We examine the articles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and relate them to childhood TB. Specifically, we focus on the five core principles of the CRC: children’s inherent right to life and States’ duties towards their survival and development; children’s right to enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health; non-discrimination; best interests of the child; and respect for the views of the child. We highlight where children’s rights are violated and how a human rights-based approach should be used as a tool to help children affected by TB, particularly in light of the Sustainable Development Goals and their focus on universality and leaving no one behind. Summary The article aims to bridge the gap between those providing paediatric TB clinical care and conducting research, and those working in the fields of human rights policy and advocacy to promote a human rights-based approach for children affected by TB based upon the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Issue Date: 8-Dec-2016
Date of Acceptance: 14-Nov-2016
ISSN: 1472-698X
Publisher: BioMed Central
Journal / Book Title: BMC International Health and Human Rights
Volume: 16
Sponsor/Funder: National Institute for Health Research
Medical Research Council (MRC)
Medical Research Council (MRC)
The Academy of Medical Sciences
Medical Research Council & Department for International Development
Funder's Grant Number: SRF-2009-02-07
Theme Leader Vaccinology
Keywords: Autonomy
Child health
Child survival
Human Rights
Human Rights-Based Approach
Medical ethics
Public Health
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: 32
Appears in Collections:Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine

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