Modelling transport-limited discharge capacity of lithium-sulfur cells

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Title: Modelling transport-limited discharge capacity of lithium-sulfur cells
Author(s): Zhang, T
Marinescu, M
Walus, S
Offer, GJ
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery could bring a step-change in battery technology with a potential specific energy density of 500 - 600 Wh/kg. A key challenge for further improving the specific energy-density of Li-S cells is to understand the mechanisms behind reduced sulfur utilisation at low electrolyte loadings and high discharge currents. While several Li-S models have been developed to explore the discharge mechanisms of Li-S cells, they so far fail to capture the discharge profiles at high currents. In this study, we propose that the slow ionic transport in concentrated electrolyte is limiting the rate capability of Li-S cells. This transport-limitation mechanism is demonstrated through a one-dimensional Li-S model which qualitatively captures the discharge capacities of a sulfolane-based Li-S cell at different currents. Furthermore, our model predicts that a discharged Li-S cell is able regain some capacity with a short period of relaxation. This capacity recovery phenomenon is validated experimentally for different discharge currents and relaxation durations. The transport-limited discharge behavior of Li-S cells highlights the importance of optimizing the electrolyte loading and electrolyte transport property in Li-S cells.
Publication Date: 7-Oct-2016
Date of Acceptance: 6-Oct-2016
ISSN: 0013-4686
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 502
End Page: 508
Journal / Book Title: Electrochimica Acta
Volume: 219
Copyright Statement: © 2016 Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)
Funder's Grant Number: EP/L505298/1
Keywords: Energy
03 Chemical Sciences
09 Engineering
02 Physical Sciences
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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