Assessing the climate impacts of Chinese dietary choices using a telecoupled global food trade and local land use framework

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Title: Assessing the climate impacts of Chinese dietary choices using a telecoupled global food trade and local land use framework
Authors: Woods, J
Chaturvedi, R
Strapasson, A
Millington, J
Petersen, S
Item Type: Conference Paper
Abstract: Global emissions trajectories developed to meet the 2⁰C temperature target are likely to rely on the widespread deployment of negative emissions technologies and/or the implementation of substantial terrestrial carbon sinks. Such technologies include afforestation, carbon capture and storage (CCS) and bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), but mitigation options for agriculture appear limited. For example, using the Global Calculator tool (http://www.globalcalculator.org/), under a 2⁰C pathway, the ‘forests and other land use’ sector is projected to become a major carbon sink, reaching -15 GtCO2e yr-1 by 2050, compared to fossil emissions of 21 GtCO2e yr-1. At the same time, rates of agricultural emissions remain static at about 6 GtCO2e yr-1, despite increasing demands for crop and livestock production to meet the forecast dietary demands of the growing and increasingly wealthy global population. Emissions in the Global Calculator are sensitive to the assumed global diet, and particularly to the level and type of meat consumption, which in turn drive global land use patterns and agricultural emissions. Here we assess the potential to use a modified down-scaled Global Calculator methodology embedded within the telecoupled global food trade framework, to estimate the agricultural emissions and terrestrial carbon stock impacts in China and Brazil, arising from a plausible range of dietary choices in China. These dietary choices are linked via telecoupling mechanisms to Brazilian crop production (e.g. Brazilian soy for Chinese animal feed provision) and drive land and global market dynamics. ‘Spill-over’ impacts will also be assessed using the EU and Malawi as case studies.
Issue Date: 24-Oct-2016
Date of Acceptance: 10-May-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/42301
Publisher: Global Land Programme
Start Page: 109
End Page: 109
Journal / Book Title: GLPOSM16 Book of Abstracts
Sponsor/Funder: Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Funder's Grant Number: NE/M021548/1
Conference Name: Global Land Project 3rd Open Science Meeting
Place of Publication: Beijing
Publication Status: Published
Start Date: 2016-10-24
Finish Date: 2016-10-27
Conference Place: China National Convention Center, Beijing, China
Appears in Collections:Centre for Environmental Policy
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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