Delivering 21st century Antarctic and Southern Ocean science

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Title: Delivering 21st century Antarctic and Southern Ocean science
Authors: Kennicutt, MC
Kim, YD
Rogan-Finnemore, M
Anandakrishnan, S
Chown, SL
Colwell, S
Cowan, D
Escutia, C
Frenot, Y
Hall, J
Liggett, D
McDonald, AJ
Nixdorf, U
Siegert, MJ
Storey, J
Wahlin, A
Weatherwax, A
Wilson, GS
Wilson, T
Wooding, R
Ackley, S
Biebow, N
Blankenship, D
Bo, S
Baeseman, J
Cardenas, CA
Cassano, J
Danhong, C
Danobeitia, J
Francis, J
Guldahl, J
Hashida, G
Jimenez Corbalan, L
Klepikov, A
Lee, J
Leppe, M
Lijun, F
Lopez-Martinez, J
Memolli, M
Motoyoshi, Y
Mousalle Bueno, R
Negrete, J
Ojeda Cardenes, MA
Proano Silva, M
Ramos-Garcia, S
Sala, H
Shin, H
Shijie, X
Shiraishi, K
Stockings, T
Trotter, S
Vaughan, DG
Viera da Uha de Menezes, J
Vlasich, V
Weijia, Q
Winther, JG
Miller, S
Rintoul, S
Yang, H
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: The Antarctic Roadmap Challenges (ARC) project identified critical requirements to deliver high priority Antarctic research in the 21st century. The ARC project addressed the challenges of enabling technologies, facilitating access, providing logistics and infrastructure, and capitalizing on international co-operation. Technological requirements include: i) innovative automated in situ observing systems, sensors and interoperable platforms (including power demands), ii) realistic and holistic numerical models, iii) enhanced remote sensing and sensors, iv) expanded sample collection and retrieval technologies, and v) greater cyber-infrastructure to process ‘big data’ collection, transmission and analyses while promoting data accessibility. These technologies must be widely available, performance and reliability must be improved and technologies used elsewhere must be applied to the Antarctic. Considerable Antarctic research is field-based, making access to vital geographical targets essential. Future research will require continent- and ocean-wide environmentally responsible access to coastal and interior Antarctica and the Southern Ocean. Year-round access is indispensable. The cost of future Antarctic science is great but there are opportunities for all to participate commensurate with national resources, expertise and interests. The scope of future Antarctic research will necessitate enhanced and inventive interdisciplinary and international collaborations. The full promise of Antarctic science will only be realized if nations act together.
Issue Date: 21-Oct-2016
Date of Acceptance: 19-Aug-2016
ISSN: 1365-2079
Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Start Page: 407
End Page: 423
Journal / Book Title: Antarctic Science
Volume: 28
Issue: 6
Copyright Statement: © Antarctic Science Ltd 2016.This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the same Creative Commons licence is included and the original work is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use.
Sponsor/Funder: Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
British Council (UK)
Funder's Grant Number: NE/G00465X/3
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Physical Sciences
Environmental Sciences
Geography, Physical
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Physical Geography
future directions
Marine Biology & Hydrobiology
05 Environmental Sciences
06 Biological Sciences
04 Earth Sciences
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Centre for Environmental Policy
Faculty of Natural Sciences

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