Basic Life Support Education in Secondary Schools: a cross-sectional survey in London, United Kingdom

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Title: Basic Life Support Education in Secondary Schools: a cross-sectional survey in London, United Kingdom
Authors: Salciccioli, J
Marshall, D
Sykes, M
Wood, A
Joppa, S
Sinha, M
Lim, PB
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Objectives: Basic life support (BLS) training in schools is associated with improved outcomes from cardiac arrest. International consensus statements have recommended universal BLS training for school-aged children. The current practice of BLS training in London schools is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess current practices of BLS training in London secondary schools. Setting, population and outcomes: A prospective audit of BLS training in London secondary schools was conducted. Schools were contacted by email, and a subsequent telephone interview was conducted with staff familiar with local training practices. Response data were anonymised and captured electronically. Universal training was defined as any programme which delivers BLS training to all students in the school. Descriptive statistics were used to summarise the results. Results: A total of 65 schools completed the survey covering an estimated student population of 65 396 across 19 of 32 London boroughs. There were 5 (8%) schools that provide universal training programmes for students and an additional 31 (48%) offering training as part of an extracurricular programme or chosen module. An automated external defibrillator (AED) was available in 18 (28%) schools, unavailable in 40 (61%) and 7 (11%) reported their AED provision as unknown. The most common reasons for not having a universal BLS training programme are the requirement for additional class time (28%) and that funding is unavailable for such a programme (28%). There were 5 students who died from sudden cardiac arrest over the period of the past 10 years. Conclusions: BLS training rates in London secondary schools are low, and the majority of schools do not have an AED available in case of emergency. These data highlight an opportunity to improve BLS training and AEDs provision. Future studies should assess programmes which are cost-effective and do not require significant amounts of additional class time.
Issue Date: 6-Jan-2017
Date of Acceptance: 30-Sep-2016
ISSN: 2044-6055
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group: Open Access
Journal / Book Title: BMJ Open
Volume: 7
Copyright Statement: This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See:
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
automatic external defibrillator
cardiac arrest
automatic external defibrillator
cardiac arrest
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: e011436
Appears in Collections:National Heart and Lung Institute
Faculty of Medicine

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