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Sweetened beverage intake in association to energy and sugar consumption and cardiometabolic markers in children

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Title: Sweetened beverage intake in association to energy and sugar consumption and cardiometabolic markers in children
Authors: Seferidi, P
Millett, C
Laverty, AA
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Background Artificially sweetened beverages (ASBs) are promoted as healthy alternatives to sugar‐sweetened beverages (SSBs) in order to reduce sugar intake, but their effects on weight control and glycaemia have been debated. This study examines associations of SSBs and ASBs with energy and sugar intake and cardiometabolic measures. Methods One thousand six hundred eighty‐seven children aged 4–18 participated in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (2008/9–2011/12) in the UK. Linear regression was used to examine associations between SSBs and ASBs and energy and sugar, overall and from solid foods and beverages, and body mass index, waist‐to‐hip ratio and blood analytes. Fixed effects linear regression examined within‐person associations with energy and sugar. Results Compared with non‐consumption, SSB consumption was associated with higher sugar intake overall (6.1%; 4.2, 8.1) and ASB consumption with higher sugar intake from solid foods (1.7%; 0.5, 2.9) but not overall, mainly among boys. On SSB consumption days, energy and sugar intakes were higher (216 kcal; 163, 269 and 7.0%; 6.2, 7.8), and on ASB consumption days, sugar intake was lower (−1.0%; −1.8, −0.1) compared with those on non‐consumption days. SSB and ASB intakes were associated with higher levels of blood glucose (SSB: 0.30 mmol L−1; 0.11, 0.49 and ASB: 0.24 mmol L−1; 0.06, 0.43) and SSB intake with higher triglycerides (0.29 mmol L−1; 0.13, 0.46). No associations were found with other outcomes. Conclusion Sugar‐sweetened beverage intake was associated with higher sugar intake and both SSBs and ASBs with a less healthy cardiometabolic profile. These findings add to evidence that health policy should discourage all sweetened beverage consumption.
Issue Date: 23-Jan-2017
Date of Acceptance: 25-Sep-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/40717
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12194
ISSN: 2047-6310
Publisher: Wiley
Start Page: 1
End Page: 9
Journal / Book Title: Pediatric Obesity
Volume: 13
Issue: 4
Copyright Statement: © 2017 World Obesity Federation. This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article, which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ijpo.12194
Sponsor/Funder: National Institute for Health Research
Funder's Grant Number: RP_2014-04-032
Keywords: Artificially sweetened beverages
cardiometabolic markers
diet beverages
energy
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine
Epidemiology, Public Health and Primary Care



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