Effects of epinephrine on cerebral oxygenation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A prospective cohort study

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Title: Effects of epinephrine on cerebral oxygenation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A prospective cohort study
Authors: Deakin, CD
Yang, J
Nguyen, R
Zhu, J
Brett, SJ
Nolan, JP
Perkins, GD
Pogson, DG
Parnia, S
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Epinephrine has been presumed to improve cerebral oxygen delivery during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), but animal and registry studies suggest that epinephrine-induced capillary vasoconstriction may decrease cerebral capillary blood flow and worsen neurological outcome. The effect of epinephrine on cerebral oxygenation (rSO2) during CPR has not been documented in the clinical setting. METHODS: rSO2 was measured continuously using cerebral oximetry in patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest. During CPR, time event markers recorded the administration of 1mg epinephrine. rSO2 values were analysed for a period beginning 5min before and ending 5min after the first epinephrine administration. RESULTS: A total of 56 epinephrine doses were analysed in 36 patients during CPR. The average rSO2 value in the 5-min following epinephrine administration was 1.40% higher (95% CI=0.41-2.40%; P=0.0059) than in the 5-min period before epinephrine administration. However, there was no difference in the overall rate of change of rSO2 when comparing the 5-min period before, with the 5-min period immediately after a single bolus dose of epinephrine (0.88%/min vs 1.07%/min respectively; P=0.583), There was also no difference in the changes in rSO2 at individual 1, 2, 3, or 4-min time windows before and after a bolus dose of epinephrine (P=0.5827, 0.2371, 0.2082, and 0.6707 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: A bolus of 1mg epinephrine IV during CPR produced a small but clinically insignificant increase in rSO2 in the five minutes after administration. This is the first clinical data to demonstrate the effects of epinephrine on cerebral rSO2 during CPR.
Issue Date: 31-Aug-2016
Date of Acceptance: 25-Aug-2016
ISSN: 1873-1570
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 138
End Page: 144
Journal / Book Title: Resuscitation
Volume: 109
Copyright Statement: © 2016 Elsevier. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Keywords: Cerebral blood flow
Emergency & Critical Care Medicine
1103 Clinical Sciences
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Division of Surgery
Faculty of Medicine

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