A motivational approach to support healthy habits in long-term child–robot interaction

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Title: A motivational approach to support healthy habits in long-term child–robot interaction
Author(s): Ros, R
Oleari, E
Pozzi, C
Sacchitelli, F
Baranzini, D
Bagherzadhalimi, A
Sanna, A
Demiris, Y
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: We examine the use of role-switching as an intrinsic motivational mechanism to increase engagement in long-term child–robot interaction. The present study describes a learning framework where children between 9 and 11-years-old interact with a robot to improve their knowledge and habits with regards to healthy life-styles. Experiments were carried out in Italy where 41 children were divided in three groups interacting with: (i) a robot with a role-switching mechanism, (ii) a robot without a role-switching mechanism and (iii) an interactive video. Additionally, a control group composed of 43 more children, who were not exposed to any interactive approach, was used as a baseline of the study. During the intervention period, the three groups were exposed to three interactive sessions once a week. The aim of the study was to find any difference in healthy-habits acquisition based on alternative interactive systems, and to evaluate the effectiveness of the role-switch approach as a trigger for engagement and motivation while interacting with a robot. The results provide evidence that the rate of children adopting healthy habits during the intervention period was higher for those interacting with a robot. Moreover, alignment with the robot behaviour and achievement of higher engagement levels were also observed for those children interacting with the robot that used the role-switching mechanism. This supports the notion that role-switching facilitates sustained long-interactions between a child and a robot.
Publication Date: 29-Jun-2016
Date of Acceptance: 19-May-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/39818
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12369-016-0356-9
ISSN: 1875-4791
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Start Page: 599
End Page: 617
Journal / Book Title: International Journal of Social Robotics
Volume: 8
Issue: 5
Copyright Statement: © Springer Verlag 2016. The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12369-016-0356-9.
Sponsor/Funder: Commission of the European Communities
Commission of the European Communities
Funder's Grant Number: 248116
643783
Keywords: Science & Technology
Technology
Robotics
Child-robot interaction
Long-term interaction
Motivational support
Engagement
Creative dance
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering



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