Eddy Backscatter and Counter-Rotating Gyre Anomalies of Midlatitude Ocean Dynamics

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Title: Eddy Backscatter and Counter-Rotating Gyre Anomalies of Midlatitude Ocean Dynamics
Authors: Shevchenko, I
Berloff, P
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: This work concerns how two competing mechanisms – eddy backscatter and 2 counter-rotating gyre anomalies – influence the midlatitude ocean dynamics, as described by 3 the eddy-resolving quasi-geostrophic (QG) model of wind-driven gyres. We analysed dynamical 4 balances and effects of different eddy forcing components, as well as their dependencies on 5 increasing vertical resolution and decreasing eddy viscosity and found that the eastward jet 6 and its adjacent recirculation zones are maintained mostly by the eddy forcing via the eddy 7 backscatter mechanism, whereas the time-mean eddy-forcing component plays not only direct 8 jet-supporting but also indirect jet-inhibiting role. The latter is achieved by inducing zonally 9 elongated anticyclonic/cyclonic Counter-rotating Gyre Anomaly (CGA) in the subpolar/subtropical 10 gyre. The indirect effect of CGAs on the eastward jet is found to be moderate relative to the dominant 11 eddy backscatter mechanism. We also found that the higher is the vertical baroclinic mode, the 12 weaker is its backscatter role and the stronger is its CGA-driving role. Although the barotropic and 13 first baroclinic modes are the most efficient ones in maintaining the backscatter, the higher, up to the 14 fifth baroclinic modes also have significant but reverse impact that reduces the backscatter
Issue Date: 2-Sep-2016
Date of Acceptance: 25-Aug-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/39688
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/fluids1030028
ISSN: 2311-5521
Publisher: MDPI
Journal / Book Title: Fluids
Volume: 1
Issue: 3
Copyright Statement: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0).
Sponsor/Funder: Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Funder's Grant Number: NE/J006602/1
Publication Status: Published
Open Access location: http://www.mdpi.com/2311-5521/1/3/28
Article Number: 28
Appears in Collections:Mathematics
Applied Mathematics and Mathematical Physics
Faculty of Natural Sciences



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